Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Life cycle design of milk and juice packaging /
Author Spitzley, David V. ; Keoleian, G. A. ; McDaniel, J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Keoleian, Gregory A.
McDaniel, Jeff S.
CORP Author Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. National Pollution Prevention Center. ;Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI.;National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1997
Report Number EPA/600/R-97/082; EPA-R-822998-01-0
Stock Number PB98-100423
Subjects Milk containers--United States ; Fruit juices--Packaging--United States ; Product life cycle--United States
Additional Subjects Food packaging ; Service life ; Design analysis ; Raw materials ; Containers ; Solid waste disposal ; Waste recycling ; Waste management ; Life cycle costs ; Performance evaluation ; Life cycle design ; Pollution prevention ; Life cycle assessment ; Waste minimization ; Postconsumer waste
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB98-100423 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 78 pages ; 28 cm
The primary objective of this project was to develop design metrics and guidelines for environmental improvement of milk and juice packaging systems. Material production energy accounted for a large portion of the total life cycle energy for these systems. Conversely, postconsumer waste was responsible for a majority of their life cycle solid waste generation. Packaging systems were also evaluated with respect to key performance criteria, life cycle costs, and regulatory trends at the local, state, and national levels. Environmental preferable containers were identified, and tradeoffs and correlations between design criteria were highlighted.