Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 2 OF 2
|Pesticide use in the Lake Erie basin and the impact of accelerated conservation tillage on pesticide use and runoff losses /
|Logan, Terry J.
|United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Buffalo District.; Ohio State University. Agronomy Department.
|U.S. Army Engineer District, Buffalo,
|Pesticides--Environmental aspects--Erie, Lake ; Sediment transport ; Water--Pollution--Erie, Lake ; Lake Erie
|Pesticides--Environmental aspects--Lake Erie ; Sediment transport
|vi, 30 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
A major shift from conventional tillage to conservation tillage will be required to reduce soil loss and diffuse sources of phosphorus in the Lake Erie drainage basin. This shift will require some changes in the kinds and amounts of pesticides used and may change the losses of these compounds in runoff. Alachlor, atrazine and butylate account for about 77% of the herbicide used in Indiana, Michigan and Ohio, and carbofuran, fonofos and terbufos represent about 86% of the insecticide use. Most of the pesticides in use in the basin today are relatively nonpersistent and have low mammalian and fish toxicities. A major shift to conservation tillage will increase use of paraquat and glyphosate herbicides and reduce the use of soil-incorporated materials such as butylate and trifluralin. About 1% of applied pesticide is lost in runoff, much of it in the first event after the compound is applied. Pesticide losses are reduced with increased surface cover, but this effect decreases with pesticides that are water-soluble and have only moderate to low affinity for soil particles. Losses of pesticides from agricultural land in the Lake Erie basin are not expected to measurably change with a shift to conservation tillage
At head of title: Technical report series. "January, 1981." Includes bibliographical references (pages 29-30).