Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Alteration of Immune Function in Mice Following Carcinogen Exposure.
Author Luebke, R. W. ; Rogers, R. R. ; Riddle, M. M. ; Rowe, D. G. ; Smialowicz, R. J. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Northrop Services, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/J-87/039;
Stock Number PB87-203378
Additional Subjects Carcinogens ; Laboratory animals ; Mice ; Tests ; Drugs ; Contaminants ; Food ; Reprints ; Immunosuppression ; Methyl methanesulfonate ; Urethan ; Cyclophosphamide ; Toxic substances
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB87-203378 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 11p
Treatment of mice with the direct-acting alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate produced marked suppression of the humoral response to sheep erythrocytes and suppression of T cell responses to foreign antigens. These effects occurred without loss of spleen, thymus or body weight and in the absence of peripheral blood, splenic or bone marrow cytotoxicity. In comparison, exposure to urethan decreased spleen weight, number and viability of spleen cells, and numbers of circulating lymphocytes. Significant suppression of T cell mitogen responsiveness was observed at all dose levels of urethan. Thymus weights, proliferative responses to the B cell mitogen lipopolysaccharide and delayed hypersensitivity responses were decreased at the highest urethan dose. Cyclophosphamide treatment significantly depressed thymic weight, lymphoproliferative responses of T and B cells, antibody production and delayed hypersensitivity responses. These results suggest differential sensitivity in components of the host defense system to weak carcinogens.