Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Modeling the cost and performance of lithium-ion batteries for electric-drive vehicles : final report /
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.; Argonne National Lab., IL.
Publisher Assessment and Standards Division, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 2012
Report Number EPA-420-R-12-023
Stock Number PB2014-100045
OCLC Number 865580310
Subjects Electric vehicles--Batteries--Evaluation.
Additional Subjects Hybrid electric powered vehicles ; Electric batteries ; Cost analysis ; Automotive transportation ; Capacity ; Design ; Lithium batteries ; Manufacturing ; Performance ; Prices ; Production ; Simulation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCD  EPA 420-R-12-023 PDF file on file NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 12/23/2013
NTIS  PB2014-100045 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 04/16/2014
Collation 1 online resource (xviii, 95 pages) : color illustrations
This report details the Battery Performance and Cost model (BatPaC) developed at Argonne National Laboratory for lithium-ion battery packs used in automotive transportation. The model designs the battery for a specified power, energy, and type of vehicle battery. The cost of the designed battery is then calculated by accounting for every step in the lithium-ion battery manufacturing process. The assumed annual production level directly affects each process step. The total cost to the original equipment manufacturer calculated by the model includes the materials, manufacturing, and warranty costs for a battery produced in the year 2020. At the time this report is written, this calculation is the only publically available model that performs a bottom-up lithium-ion battery design and cost calculation. The purpose of the report is to document the equations and assumptions from which the model has been created. A user of the model will be able to recreate the calculations and perhaps more importantly, understand the driving forces for the results. Instructions for use and an illustration of model results are also presented. Almost every variable in the calculation may be changed by the user to represent a system different from the default values pre-entered into the program. The distinct advantage of using a bottom-up cost and design model is that the entire power-to-energy space may be traversed to examine the correlation between performance and cost. The BatPaC model accounts for the physical limitations of the electrochemical processes within the battery. Thus, unrealistic designs are penalized in energy density and cost, unlike cost models based on linear extrapolations. Additionally, the consequences on cost and energy density from changes in cell capacity, parallel cell groups, and manufacturing capabilities are easily assessed with the model.
Title from PDF title screen (viewed December 19, 2013). "Submitted July 15, 2011." "August 2012." Includes bibliographical references (pages 91-95). "EPA-420-R-12-023." Contract Number: contract no. DE-AC02-06CH11357