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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Application of Life-Cycle Assessment to Nanoscale Technology: Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles.
CORP Author National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Office of Research and Development.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
Year Published 2013
Report Number EPA 744-R-12-001
Stock Number PB2014-104193
Additional Subjects Hybrid electric powered vehicles ; Electric batteries ; Cost analysis ; Automotive transportation ; Capacity ; Design ; Lithium batteries ; Manufacturing ; Performance ; Prices ; Production ; Simulation
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB2014-104193 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 07/30/2014
Collation 126p
Abstract
Demand for electric vehicles is increasing, and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries with increased ranges will be critical to increasing electric vehicle marketability and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. While Li-ion batteries are expected to play a key role in the electric drive transportation industry, there are opportunities for improvements in the batteries life-cycles that will reduce possible impacts to the environment and public health in a few specific areas, as their use increases. This study, carried out through a partnership led by EPA, with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Li-ion battery industry, and academics, was the first life-cycle assessment (LCA) to bring together and use life-cycle inventory data directly provided by Li-ion battery suppliers, manufacturers, and recyclers. Its purpose was to identify the materials or processes within a Li-ion batterys life cycle (from materials extraction and processing, manufacturing, use, and end-of-life) that most contribute to impacts on public health and the environment. It also sought to evaluate the potential impacts of a nanotechnology innovation (i.e., a carbon nanotube anode) that could improve battery performance.