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Main Title Preliminary grazing studies with rumen-fistulated steers at selected nuclear-test sites /
Author Smith, D. D. ; Brown, K. W.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Brown, K. W.
CORP Author Environmental Monitoring Systems Lab., Las Vegas, NV.;Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA 600-3-81-004; DOE/DP/0059-039; DE-A108-76PD00539
Stock Number PB81-199994
OCLC Number 33959436
Subjects Radioisotopes--Testing ; Radioisotopes--Testing--Nevada ; Radionuclides--Testing--Nevada
Additional Subjects Grazing land ; Radioactive isotopes ; Cattle ; Beef cattle ; Livestock ; Fallout ; Ingestion(Biology) ; Plants(Botany) ; Plutonium 238 ; Plutonium 239 ; Gamma emission ; Strontium 90 ; Tritium ; Surveys ; Bioaccumulation ; Nuclear test sites ; Nevada test site ; NTISEPAORD ; NTISDE
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-81-004 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/15/2018
ERAD  EPA 600/3-81-004 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/22/2012
NTIS  PB81-199994 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vii, 32 pages : illustrations, map ; 28 cm
Rumen-fistulated steers (steers with a capped tube inserted into a permanent surgical opening into the stomach) were allowed to graze the fallout zones of six selected nuclear-test sites on the Nevada Test Site and Tonopah Test Range. Ingesta samples were analyzed for radionuclide and botanical content to provide information on the inventory of radionuclides present and on the condition of the range at each site. The greatest variety and concentrations of gamma-emitting radionuclides were present in the ingesta from the Cabriolet-Palanquin Site. The highest levels of Plutonium-238 and -239 were found at the Clean Slate II Site. Strontium-90 levels were highest at the Smoky Site while tritium levels were highest at the Schooner Site. Each site's carrying capacity for grazing animals was determined. Food habit analyses were also performed for each animal. These data plus the radionuclide data were considered in the recommendation that the Cabriolet-Palanquin Site be selected for any future long-term grazing studies.
"DOE/DP/0059-039." "EPA 600-3-81-004." "January 1981." Cover title. Includes bibliographical references (pages 21-22). Prepared for the U.S. Dept. of Energy under Memorandum of Understanding Number