Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Toxicity and Bioaccumulation of Cadmium and Lead in Aquatic Invertebrates.
Author Spehar, Robert L. ; Anderson, Richard L. ; Fiandt., James T. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Minn.
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA/600/J-78/016;
Stock Number PB-282 946
Additional Subjects Metals ; Cadmium ; Lead(Metal) ; Toxicology ; Invertebrates ; Exposure ; Experimental data ; Bioassay ; Lethal dosage ; Dosage ; Concentration(Composition) ; Snails ; Crustacea ; Fresh water biology ; Insects ; Water pollution ; Toxicity ; Tables(Data) ; Residues ; Survival ; Reprints ; Heavy metals ; Bioaccumulation ; Toxic substances ; Physa integra ; Brachycentrus ; Ephemerella ; Hydropsyche betteni ; Pteronarcys dorsata ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Gammarus pseudolimnaeus
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-282 946 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 16p
Cadmium toxicity and lead toxicity to four species of insects (Pteronarcys dorsata, Hydropsyche betteni, Brachycentrus sp. and Ephemerella sp.) one snail (Physa integra) and one amphipod (Gammarus pseudolimnaeus) were determined during 28-day exposures. The 28-day LC50 values for cadmium-exposed snails and lead-exposed amphipods were eleven and four times lower than the 7- and 4-day (96 h) values for these metals, respectively. Lowest effect concentrations obtained after 28 days for cadmium-exposed mayflies (Ephemerella sp.) and snails and lead-exposed amphipods were similar to those affecting fish exposed over their complete life cycle in water of similar quality. Lethal threshold concentrations were not observed for species exposed to either metal, indicating that possible effects could occur at lower concentrations during longer exposure periods. Cadmium and lead concentrations in the animals tested generally increased with increasing water concentrations and were up to 30,000 and 9,000 times greater than corresponding metal concentrations in the water.