Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Air Pollution Assessment of Ethylene Dibromide.
Author Johns., R. ;
CORP Author Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Year Published 1976
Report Number MTR-7222; EPA-68-02-1495;
Stock Number PB-256 736
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Exhaust emissions ; Air pollution control ; Waste disposal ; Chemical industry ; Industrial hygiene ; Assessment ; Toxicity ; Physical properties ; Chemical properties ; Material handling ; Gasoline ; Fuel additives ; Physiological effects ; Research ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sources ; Solvents ; Effluents ; Ventilation ; Maintenance ; Ethylene/dibromo ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Air pollution effects(Animals) ; Environmental chemical substitutes ; Carcinogens ; Stationary sources
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-256 736 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 44p
Ethylene dibromide, a colorless, nonflammable hydrocarbon, is primarily employed as an additive in leaded gasoline to scavenge lead oxide residues from the combustion chambers of gasoline engines. Atmospheric measurements made near major suspected emission sources (service stations, refineries, production facilities) reveal ethylene dibromide concentrations several orders of magnitude below the threshold limit value of 25 ppm established by the American conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. Ethylene dibromide generally acts as a central nervous system depressant, although it is not as effective as many of the other halohydrocarbons. In cases of death, pneumonia is normally the cause due to lung damage induced by the chemical. Symptoms of acute exposure include lung inflammation, congestion, edema, and hemorrhaging. A significant environmental hazard does not appear to be present in regard to ethylene dibromide; however, due to the lack of available data documenting long term, low level exposure in humans the compound cannot be considered environmentally innocuous.