Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of Sewer Surcharges on the Level of Industrial Wastes and the Use of Water by Industry.
Author Elliot, Ralph D. ; Seagrave, James A. ;
CORP Author North Carolina Water Resources Research Inst., Raleigh.
Year Published 1972
Report Number UNC-WRRI-70; DI-14-31-0001-3317; OWRR-B-032-NC; 02115,; B-032-NC(7)
Stock Number PB-213 267
Additional Subjects ( Industrial wastes ; Taxes) ; ( Urban planning ; Sewage treatment) ; ( Industrial water ; Urban planning) ; ( Water pollution ; Taxes) ; Abatement ; Water quality ; Regression analysis ; Water consumption ; Biochemical oxygen demand ; Economic analysis ; Water services ; Cost analysis ; Tax surcharges ; Water pollution taxes(Charges) ; Water pollution abatement ; Sewer surcharges ; Water costs ; Elasticity of demand
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-213 267 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 62p
The study is directed at helping cities make decisions about industrial waste water surcharges by estimating their effect on industrial wastes discharged into municipal systems and on the quantity of water demanded from municipal systems by industrial firms. The gains to society that are possible with the introduction of surcharges are also estimated. Multiple regression equations were specified for estimating elasticities of demand. 198 time-series observations were obtained from 34 cities in the United States. Data substantiate the negative relations hypothesized among these prices and quantities. Surcharges do cause a reduction in industrial wastes, and the cities with high surcharges on BOD have less industrial biodegradable waste to treat than those with low surcharges. Surcharges on wastes also cause a reduction in the industrial use of water. Available evidence also supports the conclusion that cities which charge the most for water sell less water to industry per $1000 value added in manufacturing and receive fewer pounds of waste from industry. (Author)