Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Arctic Foundations, Inc. freeze barrier technology : innovative technology evaluation report.
CORP Author National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 2004
Report Number EPA/540/R-03/508
Stock Number PB2008-111719
OCLC Number 61194063
Subjects Bioremediation ; Soil remediation ; Hazardous waste site remediation--United States
Additional Subjects Contaminant migration ; Water pollution control ; Freeze pipes ; Freeze barriers ; Freezing ; Thawing ; Landfills ; Site programs ; Site reports ; Economic analysis ; Technology status ; Technology implementation ; Cost categories ; Refrigeration systems ; Frozen native soils ; Thermoprobes ; Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) ; Technology effectiveness analysis ; Technology applications analysis
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAD  EPA/540/R-03-508 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 08/19/2005
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 540-R-03-508 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/07/2011
EJBD  EPA 540-R-03-508 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/31/2013
ESAD  EPA 540-R-03-508 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 08/03/2005
NTIS  PB2008-111719 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 v. (various pagings) ; 28 cm.
Arctic Foundations, Inc. (AFI), of Anchorage, Alaska has developed a freeze barrier technology designed to prevent the migration of contaminants in groundwater by completely isolating contaminant source areas until appropriate remediation techniques can be applied. With this technology, contaminants are contained in situ with frozen native soils serving as the containment medium. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program evaluated the technology at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee from September 1997 to July 1998. For the evaluation, an array of freeze pipes called 'thermoprobes' were installed in a box-like structure around a former waste collection pond. The thermoprobes were installed vertically to a depth of 32 feet below ground surface and anchored in bedrock. The thermoprobes were connected to are frigeration system by a piping network. A cooled refrigerant (R404A) was circulated through the system to remove heat from the soil.
Caption title. "September 2004." "EPA/540/R-03/508."