Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Quantitative Method for Evaluating Avian Food Avoidance Behavior.
Author Kononen, D. W. ; Hochstein, J. R. ; Ringer, R. K. ;
CORP Author Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Publisher c1986
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/J-86/533;
Stock Number PB91-149807
Additional Subjects Animal behavior ; Avoidance learning ; Methiocarb ; Food contamination ; Water contamination ; Dose-response relationships ; Food consumption ; Reprints ; Mallards ; Northern bobwhite ; Colinus virginianus ; Effective avoidance index(EAI) ; Anas platyrhynchos
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-149807 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 11p
Food avoidance experiments could contribute to assessments of animals' behavioral responses to environmental toxicants. Food avoidance tests with mallards (Anas platyrhynchos L.) and northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus L.) as the test species were patterned after avian 5-d dietary LC50 tests. Animals in each treatment group were given free access to untreated feed and feed treated with various concentrations of methiocarb (3,5-dimethyl-4-(methylthio)-phenyl methylcarbamate), a widely used bird repellent. Prior to food avoidance testing, 5-d dietary LC50 tests were conducted to provide baseline data for comparison. A measure of avoidance response was estimated from a log (dose)-probit(response) analysis. The precentage of total (treated plus untreated) feed consumption as treated feed consumption was the response variable. The detectable dietary concentration at which mallards and bobwhite began to avoid a specific contaminant was determined by calculating a median food avoidance concentration 50(FAC50). In the absence of detectable avoidance behavior, test animals' total feed consumption can be expected to consist of equal amounts of treated and untreated feed. An effective avoidance index (EAI), LC50/FAC50, was used as a measure of toxicant's 'margin of safety.' (Copyright (c) 1986 SETAC.)