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Main Title Investigation of the effects of food standards on pesticide use
Author Brown, Martin ; Garcia, Richard ; Magowan, Cathleen ; Moran, Alan
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Brown, Martin.
Van den Bosch, Robert.
Buxbaum, Richard.
Garcia, Richard
Norgaard, Richard.
CORP Author California Univ., Albany. Div. of Biological Control.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Pesticide Programs.
Publisher University of California at Berkeley, Division of Biological Controls?,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA 540/9-78-003 ; 68-01-2602; EPA-68-01-2602
Stock Number PB-278 976
OCLC Number 22342949
Subjects Pesticides--Government policy--California ; Orange--Standards--California ; Tomatoes--Standards--California ; Peach--Standards--California
Additional Subjects Pesticides ; Regulations ; Food ; Quality control ; Standards ; Purity ; Citrus fruits ; Tomatoes ; Peaches ; Commodities ; Damage ; Pest control ; Decision making ; Management ; California
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 540-9-78-003 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 09/24/1999
NTIS  PB-278 976 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xv, 160 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Three commodities, fresh market oranges, processing tomatoes and cling peaches were assessed concerning the role of pest related (largely insect) quality standards and their relationship to pesticide usage. In each of the commodities cosmetic quality standards appear to have a significant effect on pesticide usage, both in regard to the amount of chemicals used and the utilization of specific pesticides and in regard to the general approach to pest management. In general, extremely strict quality standards seem to mitigate against the adoption of integrated pest management (IPM). Growers are reluctant to adopt such programs because they are forced by processor, marketer and consumer pressures to strive for virtual 'zero' pest levels. This is a major reason why available IPM programs which maintain crop quality and yield while reducing pesticide usage up to 50 percent are hardly used by the growers of the three crops assessed in this study.
Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, Office of Pesticide Programs"--Cover. Environmental Protection Agency contract 68-01-2602." "Mar 78"--Cover. "EPA-540/9-78-003"--Rep. doc. p. Final report, period covered approx. 1974-77. Includes bibliographical references.