Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Reduction of CO2 Emissions from Mobile Sources by Alternative Fuels Derived from Biomass.
Author Borgwardt, R. H. ; Steinberg, M. ; Dong, Y. ;
CORP Author Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY. ;Hydrocarb Corp., New York.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher 1993
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA-68-D1-0146; EPA/600/A-93/198;
Stock Number PB93-229144
Additional Subjects Fossil fuels ; Carbon dioxide ; Biomass ; Air pollution abatement ; Methane ; Greenhouse gases ; Natural gas ; Carbinols ; Wood ; Motor vehicles ; Gasoline ; Reduction ; Petroleum industry ; Cost analysis ; Pyrolysis ; Reaction kinetics ; Hydrocarb process
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB93-229144 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/22/1993
Collation 28p
The paper discusses process options for utilizing biomass to obtain greatest reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from motor vehicles at least cost. (NOTE: The Energy Policy Act of 1992 seeks to displace 30% of the U.S. petroleum requirement by the year 2010 with an alternative that, among other things, has greatest impact on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. An alternative fuel derived from biomass is probably the most practicable method of achieving that objective.) The paper emphasizes the Hydrocarb process, currently under evaluation by EPA for production of methanol from short-rotation woody crops using natural gas as cofeedstock. It is compared with other process options in terms of feedstock availability, cost of conversion to liquid fuel, amount of petroleum that can be displaced, and competitiveness with gasoline price. The analysis indicates that, for a given supply of biomass, more petroleum can be displaced through methanol production processes than through those for ethanol.