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Main Title Toxicity of DDT food and water exposure to fathead minnows /
Author Jarvinen, Alfred W. ; Hoffman, Molly J. ; Thorslund., Todd W.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Hoffman, Molly J.,
Thorslund, Todd W.,
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Minn.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/3-76-114
Stock Number PB-265 394
OCLC Number 02923256
Subjects Fishes--Effect of water pollution on ; DDT (Insecticide)--Toxicology ; Biological assay ; Bluntnose minnow
Additional Subjects Toxicity ; DDT ; Fishes ; Minnows ; Insecticides ; Bioassay ; Fresh water fishes ; Exposure ; Pesticides ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Chlorinated hydrocarbons ; Life cycles ; Diets ; Monitors ; Mortality ; Clams ; Food chains ; Absorption(Biology) ; Experimental data ; Permissible dosage ; Pesticide residues ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Pimephales promelas ; Fathead minnow ; Bioaccumulation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-3-76-114 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/22/2016
EKCD  EPA-600/3-76-114 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 06/26/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-76-114 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELDD  EPA-600/3-76-114 CCTE/GLTED Library/Duluth,MN 06/02/2000
ERAD  EPA 600/3-76-114 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 08/28/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-3-76-114 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-265 394 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 68 pages : diagrams ; 28 cm
Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed during a partial chronic toxicity test to two DDT concentrations in the water, one in the diet, and combinations of water and diet for 266 days through a reproductive period of their life cycle. Tissue-residue analyses were performed on test fish at preset intervals throughout the exposure and also on embryos, larvae at hatch, and 30- and 60-day progeny. The contribution of DDT from each source was monitored with gas-chromatography and liquid-scintillation techniques. Higher total DDT tissue residues were accumulated from the water than from the diet. Residues contributed by dietary DDT were additive to those from the water. Mean concentration factors were 1.2 times from the diet and 100,000 times from the water. Mortality was higher in fish exposed to DDT in both water and diet than in fish exposed to only one or the other of these sources. DDT in the diet significantly reduced the probability of survival of the test fish (P=0.025). Estimated maximum acceptable toxicant concentrations for DDT are 0.9 micrograms/l for fish exposed to DDT in the water only or 0.4 micrograms/l for fish exposed to DDT in both water and diet.
"Appendix: Recommended bioassay procedure for fathead minnow Pimephales promelas rafinesque chronic tests, by Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth", 1971, revised 1972 (p. 53-66) Includes bibliographical references (pages 49-52).