Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Assessment of the Contribution of Chemical Species to the Eye Irritation Potential of Photochemical Smog.
Author Altshuller., A. P. ;
CORP Author Environmental Sciences Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA/600/J-78-028;
Stock Number PB-284 040
Additional Subjects Acroleins ; Toxicology ; Smog ; Formaldehyde ; Eye(Anatomy) ; Measurement ; Assessments ; Photochemical reactions ; Air pollution ; Concentration(Composition) ; Responses ; Tables(Data) ; Experimental data ; Exposure ; Humans ; Organic nitrates ; Aldehydes ; Reprints ; Toxic substances ; Eye irritants ; Photochemical oxidants ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Peroxyacetyl nitrate ; Air pollution control ; Peroxypropionyl nitrate
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-284 040 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 6p
Eye irritation measurements are available from smog chamber solar irradiations of selected hydrocarbon-nitrogen oxide mixtures. These results have been used to compute eye irritation intensity parameters for formaldehyde, acrolein, peroxyacetyl nitrate and peroxypropionyl nitrate. Peroxypropionyl nitrate is the most irritating of these four substances. The relative contribution of various pairs of eye irritants in ambient air mixtures to eye irritation has been calculated from the ambient air concentrations and the eye irritation intensity parameters. The relative contribution of the four eye irritants to a 'typical' ambient air mixture has been computed. Formaldehyde appears to be the single most significant eye irritant. Other potential ambient air eye irritants are discussed. The relationships between hydrocarbon control strategies and eye irritation are considered.