Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 7
|Main Title||Assessment of Industrial Hazardous Waste Practices in the Metal Smelting and Refining Industry. Volume II. Primary and Secondary Nonferrous Smelting and Refining.|
|Author||Leonard, Richard P. ; Ziegler, Robert C. ; Brown, W. Richard ; Yag, John Y. ; Reif., Hans G. ;|
|CORP Author||Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Hazardous Waste Management Div.|
|Report Number||EPA-68-01-2604; EPA/530/SW-145c.2;|
|Stock Number||PB-276 170|
|Additional Subjects||Industrial wastes ; Metal industry ; Solid waste disposal ; Hazardous materials ; Air pollution control ; Water pollution control ; Smelting ; Refining ; Slags ; Dust ; Sludge disposal ; Site surveys ; Copper ; Lead(Metal) ; Zinc ; Aluminum ; Antimony ; Mercury ; Titanium ; Tungsten ; Tin ; Magnesium ; Cadmium ; Arsenic ; Selenium ; Tellurium ; Gold ; Silver ; Platinum ; Bismuth ; Cobalt ; Zirconium ; Hafnium ; Chemical composition ; Tables(Data) ; Cost estimates ; Land disposal|
This volume presents the results of studies of the U.S. primary and secondary non-ferrous smelting and refining industry. Characteristics of each industry sector, including plant locations, production capacities, and smelting and refining processes, have been identified and described. Land-disposed or stored residuals, including slags, dusts, and sludges have been identified and characterized for physical and chemical properties. Current methods employed by the primary metals industry for the disposal or storage of process and pollution control residuals on land are described. Principal methods include lagoon storage of sludges and open dumping of slags. Methods of residual treatment and disposal considered suitable for adequate health and environmental protection have been provided. Finally, the costs incurred by typical plants in each primary smelting and refining category for current and environmentally sound potentially hazardous residual disposal or storage on land have been estimated.