Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Mine spoil potentials for water quality and controlled erosion /
Author Grube, Walter E.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Jencks, Everett M.,
Singh, Rabindar N.,
Smith, Richard M.,
Wilson, Harold A.,
Grube, Walter E.
CORP Author West Virginia University. College of Agriculture and Forestry. Division of Plant Sciences.
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Water Quality Office,
Year Published 1972
Report Number EPA14010-EJE-12/71; EPA/600/R-71/110
OCLC Number 00380301
Subjects Acid mine drainage ; Strip mining ; Spoil banks ; Soil conservation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-R-71-110 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/28/2013
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-R-71-110 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 14010-EJE-12-71 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 05/16/2023
Collation x, 206 pages : illustrations, maps, charts ; 28 cm.
"December, 1971." Includes bibliographical references (pages 167-171).
Contents Notes
Analysis of exploratory test cores and rock chip samples has made available information necessary to the development of rational techniques for reclaiming coal mine spoil for useful purposes. By assigning an area a particular future use and analyzing the rock structure in advance of the surface mining, materials can be assembled and placed in the fill to allow the filled strip mine to revegetate and be developed into a useful area. Oxidation of pyrite materials, source of most acidity below 4.0 in mine spoils, can be controlled by: (1) using clay shales for fill; (2) controlling gain size in the fill; and (3) controlling accessibility to exchange of solutes and oxygen. In miniature lysimeters filled with 4 ft of normal, loamy (pH 6.7) soil, no acidity nor iron drained from the bottom from pyrite buried at 6 depths, from 1/2 to 36 inches, during a 24 week test period. Base exchange by the soil neutralized the acid and retained the iron.