||Technical Resources, Inc., Gulf Breeze, FL. ;Technology Applications, Inc., Gulf Breeze, FL.;Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Four methanogenic consortia, which degraded 2-chlorophenol, 3-chlorophenol, 2-chlorobenzoate, and 3-chlorobenzoate, respectively, and one nitrate-reducing consortium which degraded 3-chlorobenzoate were characterized. Degradative activity in these consortia has been maintained in laboratory transfer for over two years. In the methanogenic consortia, the aromatic ring was dechlorinated before mineralization to methane and carbon dioxide. After dechlorination, the chlorophenol consortia converted phenol to benzoate before mineralization. All methanogenic consortia degraded both phenol and benzoate. The 3-chlorophenol and 3-chlorobenzoate consortia also degraded 2-chlorophenol. No other cross acclimation to monochlorophenols or monochlorobenzoates was detected in the methanogenic consortia. (Copyright (c) 1989 American Society for Microbiology)