Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 1 OF 3
|Main Title||Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules /|
|Author||Lewis, Geoffrey M. ; Keoleian, G. A.|
|CORP Author||Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. National Pollution Prevention Center.;National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,|
|Report Number||EPA-R-822998-01-0; EPA/600/R-97/081|
|Subjects||Photovoltaic cells ; Photovoltaic power generation ; Product life cycle|
|Additional Subjects||Photovoltaic cells ; Silicon solar cells ; Service life ; Design analysis ; Solar energy ; Photovoltaic conversion ; Energy conversion ; Energy efficiency ; Reuse ; Recycling ; Waste management ; Life cycle costs ; Life-cycle design ; Life-cycle assessment ; Pollution prevention ; Sustainability|
The primary objective of this project was to develop and apply design metrics for assessing and guiding the improvement of PV product systems. The total PV life cycle, encompassing material production, manufacturing and assembly, use, and end of life management was investigated. Energy payback time, electricity production efficiency, life cycle conversion efficiency, and life cycle cost metrics were evaluated for modules located in Detroit, Boulder, and Phoenix, three sites with different insolation. The study also explored the energy savings associated with several strategies for design improvement, including frameless modules, frame reuse, and an alternative procedure for module encapsulation. Life cycle air emissions, waterborne effluents, and solid waste were not investigated due to a lack of available data.
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