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Main Title Recovery of 3-Chloro-4-(Dichloromethyl)-5-Hydroxy-2(5H)-Furanone from Water Samples on XAD Resins and the Effect of Chlorine on Its Mutagenicity.
Author Schenck, K. M. ; Meler, J. R. ; Ringhand, H. P. ; Kopfler, F. C. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. ;Abo Akademi, Turku (Finland).
Publisher 1990
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA/600/J-90/145;
Stock Number PB91-109835
Additional Subjects Bioassay ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Chlorine ; Ultraviolet spectroscopy ; Chlorination ; Activated carbon treatment ; Decomposition reactions ; Reprints ; Drinking water ; Mutagenicity tests ; Risk assessment ; Resins
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-109835 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 7p
The recovery of 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) from granular activated carbon (GAC)/distilled water by adsorption on XAD-8 resin was approximately 3-fold greater than on XAD-2 resin. When chlorine was added at levels ranging from 0-3 mg/L, the percent of MX recovered by XAD adsorption decreased as the concentration of chlorine increased. Using concentrations of MX which allowed direct measurement of its mutagenicity, a time-dependent decrease in mutagenicity was observed, which was enhanced by the presence of chlorine. The concentration of MX as determined by UV absorbance also decreased in the presence of chlorine, at a rate which increased with increasing chlorine concentration. These results suggest that the level of MX present in tap water is dependent not only on the amount of MX produced by the chlorination of humic substances and other precursors but also on the rate of degradation with residual chlorine.