Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Carbonate bonding of taconite tailings /
Author LaRosa, Paul J., ; Ricciardells, K. A. ; McGarvey., R. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ricciardella, K. A.
McGarvey, R. J.
CORP Author Applied Technology Corp., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Publisher Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-670/2-74-001; EPA-68-01-0195; W74-07959
Stock Number PB-232 370
OCLC Number 01265287
Subjects Carbonates ; Taconite ; Tailings (Metallurgy) ; Water--Pollution
Additional Subjects Taconite ; Tailings ; Bonding ; Calcium carbonates ; Pavements ; Freezing ; Flexural strength ; Curing ; Compressive strength ; Reclamation ; Carbon dioxide ; Calcium oxides ; Permeability ; Construction materials ; Waste recycling
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 670-2-74-001 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/17/2013
EJBD  EPA 670-2-74-001 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/10/2015
ELBD RPS EPA 670-2-74-001 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 07/30/2019
NTIS  PB-232 370 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 53 : illustrations ; 27 cm.
The carbonate bonding process consists of mixing a suitable material with water and lime hydrate, compacting the mixture, and reacting it with carbon dioxide-rich gas to form a coherent structure bonded by a matrix of calcite crystals. A laboratory study has indicated that taconite tailings could be carbonate bonded to form an effective road paving or brick-making material. In general, the compressive strength of carbonate bonded taconite tailings increased with increasing lime hydrate content, reaction time, and carbon dioxide concentration in the reaction gas. In addition, air and water permeabilities, freeze-thaw resistance, and flexural strengths of carbonate bonded taconite tailings were found to be comparable to concrete. Scale-up of the laboratory studies to demonstrate paving applications in small plots was hampered by a failure to obtain sufficient compaction. The results, however, did confirm the laboratory study findings. (Modified author abstract)
"Contract no. 68-01-0195; Program element no. lBB040." "January, 1974." Report prepared by Applied Technology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.