Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Household Exposures to Benzene from Showering with Gasoline-Contaminated Ground Water.
Author Lindstrom, A. B. ; Highsmith, V. R. ; Buckley, T. J. ; Pate, W. J. ; Michael, L. C. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab. ;North Carolina Dept. of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Raleigh. ;Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Acurex Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher 1992
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA/600/A-92/259;
Stock Number PB93-131530
Additional Subjects Indoor air pollution ; Public health ; Houses ; Water pollution effects ; Air water interactions ; Benzene ; Water utilization ; Oil pollution ; Gasoline ; Ground water ; Inhalation ; Air pollution sampling ; Exposure ; Skin(Anatomy) ; Underground storage ; Storage tanks ; Volatile organic compounds ; Showers
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB93-131530 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
In a private residence using benzene contaminated groundwater (about 300 micrograms/l), a series of experiments were performed to assess the benzene exposures that occur in the shower stall, bathroom, master bedroom, and living room as a result of a single 20 minute shower. Sampling methodologies used in the assessment included: fixed site Summa-polished canisters and Tenax GC cartridges; personal Tenax GC devices; and, grab samples collected with glass gas-tight syringes. Integrated Summa and Tenax GC samples were collected from the target microenvironments over 20, 60, and 240 minute periods; these results are contrasted with the long-term personal samples and grab samples that were collected at 0, 10, 18, 20, 25, 25.5, and 30 minutes. Results indicate that maximum benzene concentrations occurred in the shower stall (758-1673 micrograms/cu m) and bathroom (366-498 micrograms/cu m). The total dermal and inhalation dose resulting from a single 20 minute shower was estimated to be equivalent to the inhalation dose which would occur during 6 h of occupation of the house (about 135 micrograms). The benzene dose relating to a single shower and continuous occupancy of the residence was shown to be approximately 551 micrograms/day, with the shower accounting for 25% of the daily total (4% dermal and 21% inhalation), and the remaining 75% relating to respiration in the house for the balance of the day.