Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Carpools, Vanpools, and High Occupancy Preference Lanes: Cost Effectiveness and Feasibility.
Author Cromwell, William H. ; Bloch, Arnold J. ; Sewell, Granville H. ; Ingram, Gregory K. ; Bentz, Jr, E. J. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Long Range Planning Group. ;Council on the Environment of New York City. ;Hart (Fred C.) Associates, Inc., New York. ;Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Dept. of Economics.
Year Published 1977
Stock Number PB-292 722
Additional Subjects Traffic engineering ; Urban transportation ; Cost effectiveness ; Traffic engineering ; Metropolitan areas ; Motor vehicles ; Air pollution ; Vehicular traffic control ; Mathematical models ; Predictions ; Urban areas ; Simulation ; Car pools ; Van pools ; Preferential lanes ; Work travel patterns ; Case studies
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-292 722 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 344p
The report looks at the reductions in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and air pollution that can be accomplished with voluntary transportation control measures. The measures studied are carpool/vanpool programs and preferential highway lanes for buses and other high occupancy vehicles (HOVL). The report examined transportation control programs in four major metropolitan areas to analyze what factors affect the programs' effectiveness. Based on empirical data and use of a computer model, the report predicts that carpools, vanpools, and HOLV's may reduce car use 2-3% and save travelers millions of dollars. The costs of these programs are generally small compared to their benefits, except where new highway lanes are built for use as potential lanes. However, the study concludes that major reductions in air pollution may not be accomplished unless mandatory traffic controls are also used. The study also describes how people travel to work in 124 major metropolitan areas and includes case studies of carpool, vanpool and HOVL programs in use in both urban and less-densely populated areas.