Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Respiratory Responses in Humans Repeatedly Exposed to Low Concentrations of Ozone 1-3.
Author Folinsbee, L. J. ; Bedi, J. F. ; Horvath, S. M. ;
CORP Author California Univ., Santa Barbara. Inst. of Environmental Stress.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-68-02-1723; EPA-600/J-80-329;
Stock Number PB82-124306
Additional Subjects Ozone ; Toxicology ; Respiratory system ; Exposure ; Responses ; Humans ; Concentration(Composition) ; Reprints ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Toxic substances
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-124306 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 11p
The effect of repeated daily exposure to low concentration of ozone was studied in healthy adult males to answer 2 questions: (1) Is there a cumulative effect of exposure to ozone from day to day, causing an exacerbation of changes in pulmonary function. (2) Does the subject develop resistance or adaptation to the respiratory effects of ozone. The subjects were exposed for 2 hr in an environmental chamber at 35C and 45% to relative humidity to filtered air on day 1, to ozone on days 2 through 4, and to filtered air on day 5. Three groups of subjects were used, each exposed to a different concentration of ozone: group 1 (n=10), 0.20 ppm of ozone; group 2 (n=10), 0.35 ppm of ozone; group 3 (nj=8), 0.50 ppm of ozone. There were no acute or cumulative effects of repeated exposure to 0.22 ppm of ozone. With exposure to 0.35 ppm of ozone, there were decrements in forced expiratory parameters on day 2. These changes were greater on day 3, but were largely absent on days 4 and 5. In group 3, there were marked effects of ozone on pulmonary function on day 2, but these changes were greatest on day 3. Significant effects (although of lesser magnitude) were also observed on day 4. The forced expiratory volume in 1 is decreased 8.7% on day 2, 16.5% on day 3, and 3.6% on day 4. The subjects claimed the most discomfort on day 3; many noted marked improvements on day 4, the third consecutive day of exposure to ozone. Two additional subjects were exposed to 0.50 ppm of ozone for 4 consecutive days. Although effects of ozone on pulmonary function were observed on the first 2 days of exposure, few effects were seen on the third day, and no effect was observed on the fourth day.