Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Further Development of a Mammalian DNA Alkaline Unwinding Bioassay with Potential Application to Hazard Identification for Contaminants from Environmental Samples.
Author Daniel, F. B. ; Chang, L. W. ; Schenck, K. M. ; DeAngelo, A. B. ; Skelly, M. F. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. ;Environmental Health Research and Testing, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher Nov 88
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600/D-88/204;
Stock Number PB89-129126
Additional Subjects Mutagenicity tests ; Carcinogens ; DNA damage ; Hazardous materials ; Cells(Biology) ; Laboratory animals ; Concentration(Composition) ; Bioassay ; Toxicology ;
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB89-129126 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 34p
Recently, the authors detailed a DNA alkaline unwinding assay (DAUA) that can be used to rapidly measure chemically induced strand breaks in mammalian cells. Further developments of the assay include: studies on the relationship between DNA adducts and DNA strand breaks; evaluation of the role of cytotoxicity in DNA strand breaks; and application of the DAUA to cell preparations from the liver of mice dosed with methylating agents. The level of DNA adducts produced in human CCRF-CEM cells by treatment with benzo(a)pyrene diol-epoxide (BPDE), N-acetoxy-2-acetyl aminofluorene (AAAF) and various methylating agents was linear with concentration over several orders of magnitude. Likewise, the level of strand breaks increased with the concentration over the same dose range. The strand breaks/adduct ratio ranged from 0.05 for the methyl adducts to 0.001 for the BPDE adducts. Using these values and the inherent sensitivity of the DAUA (circa 100 to 1000 breaks/cell, the ability of the assay to detect DNA damage induced by various classes of chemical carcinogens can be calculated. The DAUA can be conducted on cells isolated from target organs of whole animals.