Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Environmental Factors Influencing Methanogenesis in a Shallow Anoxic Aquifer: A Field and Laboratory Study.
Author Beeman, R. E. ; Suflita., J. M. ;
CORP Author Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Dept. of Botany and Microbiology.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Publisher c1990
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA-R-812808; EPA/600/J-90/097;
Stock Number PB90-245515
Additional Subjects Aquifers ; Methane ; Fatty acids ; pH ; Temperature ; Sulfates ; Ground water ; Seasonal variations ; Reprints ; Methanogenic bacteria
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB90-245515 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 15p
The environmental factors influencing methanogenesis in a shallow anoxic aquifer were probed in a combined field and laboratory study. Field data collected over a year revealed that 'in situ' rates of methane production were depressed in winter and elevated in summer. Over the same period, ground water pH values ranged from 6.0 to 7.8 while temperatures varied from 7-22 C. 'In situ' methanogenesis was severely inhibited at temperatures < 13 C or by pH values < 7. The influence of these factors on microbial methane formation from both endogenous and exogenous substrates were tested in aquifer slurries adjusted to pH 5-9 and incubated at temperatures ranging from 5-45 C. Temperature optima for methane production from endogenous substrates varied as a function of pH, but the pH optimum was 8 at all temperatures. Optimal conditions for acetoclastic methanogenesis were found at pH 8 and 35 C. An analysis of variance revealed that pH, temperature, and a pH-temperature interaction are all significant variables influencing aquifer methanogenesis. In addition transient sulfate accumulations were also found to limit methane production in some areas. A comparison of field and laboratory methane production patterns suggest that pH, temperature, and sulfate accumulations are important, but not the only environmental variables influencing the mineralization of organic matter in shallow aquifers. (Copyright (c) 1990 Society for Industrial Microbiology.)