FDP - Center for Environmental ScienceEPA Grant Number: CR830890
Subproject: this is subproject number R830890 , established and managed by the Center Director under a main grant
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: Center for Environmental Science
Center Director: Frederick, John
Title: FDP - Center for Environmental Science
Investigators: Frederick, John , Taylor, John A. , Marley, Nancy A. , Coulter, Richard L. , Kotamarthi, V. Rao , Gaffney, Jeffrey S. , Lesht, Barry , Eshel, Gidon
Current Investigators: Frederick, John
Institution: University of Chicago
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: July 1, 2003 through June 30, 2004 (Extended to June 30, 2006)
Project Amount: $487,500
RFA: Targeted Research Center (2003) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research
This project is to establish a Center for Environmental Science as a joint effort of the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory. The broad mission of the Center is to enhance understanding of ways in which human activity, particularly urbanization, alters the chemical and physical environments to which large populations are exposed, with emphasis on local and regional atmospheric and surface conditions. Specific scientific objectives are (1) to develop empirical descriptions of the radiative, chemical and thermal environments of the Chicago area, and (2) to identify and evaluate the physical mechanisms responsible for altered air chemistry and regional climatic conditions.
The Center will bring scientists who share expertise in environmental research together from a variety of disciplines. By formally connecting efforts at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory, the Center will create a critical mass of scientists whose research will focus on areas of direct relevance to important environmental problems. With initial funding the Center will undertake a study of trace gases and particulates in the urban atmosphere of Chicago. The Center will establish a measurements site on the University of Chicago campus to monitor the amount and absorbing properties of atmospheric particulate matter, gaseous air pollutant abundances, the dynamical structure of the urban boundary layer, and the solar and terrestrial radiation fields. The Center will apply a hierarchy of urban-scale and regional-scale models to interpret the database so as to define and evaluate mechanisms responsible for perturbations in local climate and chemical conditions in the urban area.
The measurements and modeling will enhance our understanding of (1) the formation, transport and removal mechanisms of atmospheric gaseous and particulate pollutants in the Chicago urban area, including their relationship to prevailing meteorological regimes, (2) the absorbing properties and chemical makeup of urban particulate matter and (3) effects of gases and particulates on the solar and terrestrial radiation fields and associated feedbacks on photochemistry and the diurnal cycle of surface temperatures.
Journal Articles: 1 Displayed | Download in RIS Format
|Other center views:||All 9 publications||2 publications in selected types||All 1 journal articles|
|| Winiecki S, Frederick JE. Ultraviolet radiation and clouds:couplings to tropospheric air quality. Journal of Geophysical Research 2005;110, D22202, doi:10.1029/2005JD006199.
Supplemental Keywords:air, atmosphere, urbanization, particulates, environmental chemistry, modeling, monitoring, Chicago, Illinois, IL., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Health, Air, particulate matter, Environmental Chemistry, Health Risk Assessment, air toxics, Air Pollution Effects, Risk Assessments, Environmental Monitoring, Biochemistry, ambient aerosol, asthma, particulates, ambient air quality, health effects, biostatistics, cardiopulmonary responses, human health effects, morbidity, toxicology, air pollutants, exposure and effects, exposure, hazardous air pollutants, animal model, air pollution, children, particle exposure, atmospheric aerosols, ambient particle health effects, inhalation, mortality studies, human exposure, allergens, mortality, aerosols, particle transport, atmospheric chemistry, exposure assessment, cardiovascular disease
Progress and Final Reports:
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
CR830890C001 The Urban Measurements Project—The Urban Atmosphere Observatory
CR830890C002 The Urban Data Analysis and Modeling Project
CR830890C003 Attenuation of Ultraviolet Solar Radiation by Cloudy Skies: Links to Urban Air Quality
CR830890C004 Measurements of Black Carbon in Chicago: Implications for Controls on Diesel Emissions
CR830890C005 Attenuation of Visible Sunlight by Limited Visibility and Cloudiness
CR830890C006 The Energy Balance of Urban Microclimates