Publications for Center:

Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)

Grant Number R827649

Abstract (11)
Article/Press Release (3)
Book Chapter (1)
Dissertation/Thesis (3)
Journal Article (49)
Meeting (3)
Paper (8)
Presentation (146)
Proceedings (63)
Report (52)
Reference Type Citation Progress Report Year Document Sources
Abstract Benson SA, Laumb JD, Jensen RR, Eylands KE. Characterization of particulate matter collected with a Burkhard sampler. American Chemical Society Fuel Preprints 2001;46(1):296-299. R827649 (Final)
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Abstract Benson SA, Erickson TA, Jensen RR, Laumb JD. Transformations model for predicting size and composition of ash during coal combustion. Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 2002;47(2):796-798. R827649 (2002)
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  • Full-text: ACS
Abstract Galbreath KC, Crocker CR, Nyberg CM, Huggins FE, Huffman GP. Nickel speciation of urban particulate matter from Davie, Florida. Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 2003;48(2):779-781. R827649 (2003)
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Abstract Heebink LV, Hassett DJ. Evaluation of coal combustion by-product mercury rerelease potential. American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry Preprints 2004;49(1):221-224. CR830929 (2004)
Abstract Olson ES, Sharma RK. The stability of mercury(II) compounds in process gas streams. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 2002;223(ENVR Pt 1):U523. R827649 (2002)
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Abstract Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Miller SJ, Pavlish JH. Comparison of the mercury-flue gas-sorbent interactions on carbons from North Dakota and Texas lignites. Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 2002;47(2):481-482. R827649 (2002)
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  • Full-text: ACS
Abstract Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Miller SJ, Pavlish JH. The multiple site model for flue gas-mercury interactions on activated carbons: the basic site. Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 2003;48(1):30-31. R827649 (2003)
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  • Abstract: ACS
Abstract Olson ES, Mibeck BA, Benson SA, Laumb JD, Crocker CR, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Miller SJ, Pavlish JH. The mechanistic model for flue gas--mercury interactions on activated carbons: the oxidation site. American Chemical Society, Division Fuel Chemistry Preprints 2004;49(1):279-280. CR830929 (2004)
Abstract Olson ES. Halogenated activated carbons for mercury sorption in flue gas: XPS studies. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 2006;232:10-FUEL. CR830929 (2006)
Abstract Olson ES. The effect of selenite and selenate on Hg capture on carbon. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 2007;233:73-FUEL. CR830929 (2006)
Abstract Ralston NVC. Insights into potential mechanisms of mercury toxicity. In:Abstracts of the Valuing Externalities Workshop, McLean, VA, February 20-21, 2003. R827649 (Final)
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Article/Press Release Boschee P. EPA mercury regime risks apples-to-oranges results. Electric Light & Power Vol. 77, Iss. 2, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Article/Press Release Pavlish JH. AQV summary; Director's message; Mercury measurement in combustion flue gases: short course; 8th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant; Other upcoming EERC events. Center for Air Toxic Metals Technical Newsletter March 2006;12(1):1-16. CR830929 (2006)
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Article/Press Release Pavlish JH. Eating fish–benefit, risk, or both?; Director's message; The real scoop about appendix K; Upcoming conferences. Center for Air Toxic Metals Technical Newsletter December 2006;12(2):1-12. CR830929 (2006)
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Book Chapter Benson SA, McCollor DP, Eylands KE, Laumb JD, Jensen RR. Characterization of particulate matter with computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy. In: Environmental Challenges and Greenhouse Gas Control for Fossil Fuel Utilization in the 21st Century. New York: Plenum Press, 2002, pp. 29-42. R827649 (2002)
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Dissertation/Thesis Brintnell RR. Activated carbon injection for mercury control in coal-fired boilers. M.S. Thesis, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Dissertation/Thesis Moberg J. Determination of limestone spray tower process parameters using experimental design with sulfur dioxide. M.S. Thesis, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, May 2001. R827649 (2000)
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Dissertation/Thesis Zhao Y. Mercury oxidation by chlorine-containing species and scrubbing in wet flue gas desulferization systems. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, December 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Journal Article Benson S. Air quality conference status of research on mercury. Filtration & Separation 1999;36(6):4. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Benson SA. Air quality III: mercury, trace elements, and particulate matter--Preface. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):423-424. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Benson SA, Laumb JD, Crocker CR, Pavlish JH. SCR catalyst performance in flue gases derived from subbituminous and lignite coals. Fuel Processing Technology 2005;86(5):577-613. CR830929 (2005)
Journal Article Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Crocker CR, Galbreath KC, Zhaung Y. Mercury control testing in a pulverized lignite-fired system. Fuel Processing Technology 2009;90(11):1378-1387. CR830929 (2006)
Journal Article Biswas P, Senior C, Chang R, Vidic R, Laudal D, Brown T. Critical review discussion--mercury measurement and its control:what we know, have learned, and need to further investigate. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 1999;49(12):1469-1473. R827649 (Final)
Journal Article Brown TD, Smith DN, Hargis Jr. RA, O’Dowd WJ. Mercury measurement and its control: what we know, have learned, and need to further investigate. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 1999;49(6):628-640. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Dronen LC, Moore AE, Kozliak EI, Seames WS. An assessment of acid wash and bioleaching pre-treating options to remove mercury from coal. Fuel 2004;83(2):181-186. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury transformations in coal combustion flue gas. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:289-310. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Wong JL. Nickel speciation of residual oil fly ash and ambient particulate matter using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2000;50(11):1876-1886. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Pavlish JH. Trace element partitioning and transformations during combustion of bituminous and subbituminous U.S. coals in a 7-kW combustion system. Energy & Fuels 2000;14(6):1265-1279. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Olson ES, Pavlish JH, Toman DL. Evaluating mercury transformation mechanisms in a laboratory-scale combustion system. Science of the Total Environment 2000;261(1-3):149-155. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Crocker CR, Nyberg CM, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Larson KP. Nickel speciation measurements of urban particulate matter: method evaluation and relevance to risk assessment. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2003;5(3):56N-61N. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Formation and chemical speciation of arsenic-, chromium-, and nickel-bearing coal combustion PM2.5. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):701-726. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Tibbetts JE, Schulz RL, Dunham GE. Effects of NOx, α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and HCl on mercury transformations in a 7-kW coal combustion system. Fuel Processing Technology 2005;86(4):429-448. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Galbreath KC, Schulz RL, Toman DL, Nyberg CM, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Zillioux EJ. Nickel and sulfur speciation of residual oil fly ashes from two electric utility steam-generating units. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2005;55(3):309-318. CR830929 (2005)
Journal Article Hassett DJ, Eylands KE. Mercury capture on coal combustion fly ash. Fuel 1999;78(2):243-248. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Potential for mercury vapor release from coal combustion by-products. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):613-620. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Heebink LV, Hassett DJ. Release of mercury vapor from coal combustion ash. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2002;52(8):927-930. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Jensen RR, Karki S, Salehfar H. Artificial neural network-based estimation of mercury speciation in combustion flue gases. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):451-462. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Gupta H, Benson SA, Fan L-S, Laumb JD, Olson ES, Crocker CR, Sharma RK, Knutson RZ, Rokanuzzaman ASM, Tibbetts JE. Pilot-scale studies of NOx reduction by activated high-sodium lignite chars: a demonstration of the CARBONOX process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 2004;43(18):5820-5827. CR830929 (2005)
Journal Article Laudal DL, Brown TD, Nott BR. Effects of flue gas constituents on mercury speciation. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:157-165. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Laudal DL, Pavlish JH, Graves J, Stockdill D. Mercury mass balances: a case study of two North Dakota power plants. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2000;50(10):1798-1804. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Brickett LA, Chu P. Use of continuous mercury monitors at coal-fired utilities. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):501-511. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Brickett L, Chu P, Srivastava RK, Lee CW, Kilgroe J. Mercury speciation at power plants using SCR and SNCR control technologies. EM Magazine 2003;(Feb):16-22. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Laumb JD, Benson SA, Olson EA. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of mercury sorbent surface chemistry. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):577-585. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article

Mann MD. Mercury emissions. FGD and DeNOx Newsletter, May 1999, No. 253, pp. 5-6.

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Journal Article Miller SJ, Dunham GE, Olson ES, Brown TD. Flue gas effects on a carbon-based mercury sorbent. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:343-363. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Olson ES, Miller SJ, Sharma RK, Dunham GE, Benson SA. Catalytic effects of carbon sorbents for mercury capture. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2000;74(1-2):61-79. R827649 (2001)
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Journal Article Olson ES, Sharma RK, Pavlish JH. On the analysis of mercuric nitrate in flue gas by GC-MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 2002;374(6):1045-1049. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Mibeck BA, Miller SJ, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Chemical mechanisms in mercury emission control technologies. Journal de Physique IV 2003;107:979-982. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Olson ES, Crocker CR, Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ. Surface compositions of carbon sorbents exposed to simulated low-rank coal flue gases. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2005;55(6):747-754. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Pavlish JH, Sondreal EA, Mann MD, Olson ES, Galbreath KC, Laudal DL, Benson SA. Status review of mercury control options for coal-fired power plants. Fuel Processing Technology 2003;82(2-3):89-165. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Benson SA, Crocker CR, Galbreath KC. Application of sorbents for mercury control for utilities burning lignite coal. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):563-576. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Buckley TD. The current state of the science related to the re-release of mercury from coal combustion products. Ash at Work 2006;1:26-27. CR830929 (2006)
Journal Article Ralston NVC. Selenium health benefit values as seafood safety criteria. EcoHealth 2008;5(4):442-455. CR830929 (2006)
Journal Article Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Mercury: selenium interactions and health implications. Seychelles Medical and Dental Journal 2004;7(1):72-77. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Sondreal EA, Pavlish JH, Benson SA, Feeley T. Status of particulate matter research and development. Filtration & Separation 1999;36(2):11. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Pavlish JH. Status of research on air quality: mercury, trace elements, and particulate matter. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:5-19. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Sondreal EA, Jones ML, Groenewold GH. Tides and trends in the world's electric power industry. The Electricity Journal 2001;14(1):61-79. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Hurley JP, Mann MD, Pavlish JH, Swanson ML, Weber GF, Zygarlicke CJ. Review of advances in combustion technology and biomass cofiring. Fuel Processing Technology 2001;71(1-3):7-38. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Ralston NVC. An overview of Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):425-440. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Thompson JS, Pavlish JH. Cryogenic trapping of oxidized mercury species from combustion flue gas. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:167-175. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Timpe RC, Mann MD, Pavlish JH. Organic sulfur and hap removal from coal using hydrothermal treatment. Fuel Processing Technology 2001;73(2):127-141. R827649 (2000)
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Journal Article Xin M, Gustin MS, Ladwig K, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Air-substrate mercury exchange associated with landfill disposal of coal combustion products. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2006;56(8):1167-1176. CR830929 (2006)
Journal Article Zhao Y, Mann MD, Pavlish JH, Mibeck BAF, Dunham GE, Olson ES. Application of gold catalyst for mercury oxidation by chlorine. Environmental Science & Technology 2006;40(5):1603-1608. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Zhao Y, Mann MD, Olson ES, Pavlish JH, Dunham GE. Effects of sulfur dioxide and nitric oxide on mercury oxidation and reduction under homogeneous conditions. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2006;56(5):628-635. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Zhuang Y, Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, Thompson JS, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Kinetic transformation of mercury in coal combustion flue gas in a bench-scale entrained-flow reactor. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):463-472. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Zhuang Y, Thompson JS, Zygarlicke CJ, Pavlish JH. Development of a mercury transformation model in coal combustion flue gas. Environmental Science & Technology 2004;38(21):5803-5808. CR830929 (2004)
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Journal Article Zhuang Y, Laumb J, Liggett R, Holmes M, Pavlish JH. Impacts of acid gases on mercury oxidation across SCR catalyst. Fuel Processing Technology 2007;88(10):929-934. CR830929 (2006)
Meeting Benson, et al. Organized the Center for Air Toxic Metals 6th Annual Meeting, held in conjunction with the Mercury in the Environment Specialty Conference, Bloomington, MN, September 16, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Meeting

Pavlish JH, et al. Presented at the Mercury & Multi-Emissions Compliance: Strategies & Tactics Seminar, Charlotte, NC, March 26-27, 2003.

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Meeting

Pavlish JH, et al. Center for Air Toxic Metals 10th Annual Meeting, held in conjunction with the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 24, 2003.

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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Advanced technology: ADVANCED HYBRID moving forward. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Air Quality III Conference slated for September. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. CATMSM welcomes Mike Holmes. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Constance Wixo hands off CATMSM Newsletter editorial responsibilities. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Director's message: mercury. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Mercury control for lignite-fired power plants poses a challenge. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. Predicting flue gas mercury species. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Paper Groenewold G, et al. SCR effects on mercury emissions appear to be coal-specific. CATMSM Newsletter 2002;8(1). R827649 (2002)
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Presentation Benson SA, Zygarlicke CJ, Sondreal EA. Efficient and clean power production: minimizing impacts of inorganic components in coal and other fuels. Presented at the 19th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, San Francisco, CA, March 26-30, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Benson SA, Erickson TA, Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Trace element behavior in gasification systems:model predictions. Presented at the 28th International Symposium on Combustion, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, July 30-August 4, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Benson SA, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, Laumb JD. Elemental mercury oxidation in North Dakota lignite flue gas. Presented at the 29th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Clearwater, FL, April 18-22, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Presentation Benson SA. Center for Air Toxic Metals. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Winter Conference, Critical Issues: Mercury, Toxics Release Inventory, and Air Toxics, St. Petersburg, FL, March 6-7, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Zygarticke CJ, Galbreath KC, Miller SJ, Holmes MJ. Center for air toxics. Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy Phase 2 Mercury Control-Field Testing Planning Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, November 20-21, 2003.

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Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Zygarticke CJ, Galbreath KC, Miller SJ, Holmes MJ. Center for air toxics. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Air & Waste Management Association Information Exchange, Research Triangle Park, NC, December 2-3, 2003.

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Presentation Benson SA, Erickson TA, Jensen RR, Laumb JD. Predicting ash particle-size and composition distribution produced during pulverized coal combustion. Presented at the 11th ICCS/NETL Event Management, San Francisco, CA, September 30, 2001. R827649 (2001)
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Presentation Benson SA. The behavior of hazardous trace elements in combustion systems. Presented at the Gordon Conference on High-Temperature Materials, Processes, and Diagnostics, Plymouth, NH, July 23-28, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Benson SA, Erickson TA, Jensen RR, Laumb JD. Transformations model for predicting size and composition of ash during coal combustions. Presented at the 224th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 18-22, 2002.

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Benson SA, Laumb JD, Jensen RR, Eylands KE, et al. comparing particulate matter characteristics collected using various sampling instruments. Presented at the 221st American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 1-5, 2001.

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Brickett LA, Chu P, Srivastava R, Laudal DL, et al. Impact of SCR on mercury speciation for coal-fired boilers. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Department of Energy–Electric Power Research Institute Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, May 19-22, 2003; Paper No. 106.

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Chu P, Roberson RL, Laudal DL, Brickett LA, et al. Characterization of “longer-term” mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Department of Energy–Electric Power Research Institute Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, May 19-22, 2003; Paper No. 223.

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Crocker CR, Benson SA, Olson ES, Pavlish JH, et al. Surface compositions of carbon sorbents exposed to simulated low-rank coal flue gases. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 96th Annual Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, June 22-26, 2003.

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Presentation Crocker CR. Surface chemistry of pretreated activated carbon sorbents exposed to mercury in simulated flue gas. Presented at the 1st International Conference on Carbons for Energy Storage and Environmental Protection, Orléans, France, October 2-6, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Presentation Crocker CR, Benson SA, Olson E, Musich M, Rokanuzzaman AS, Hummel M. Performance of activated carbon produced from Fort Union lignite coal. Presented at the Power Plant Air Pollutant Control "Mega" Symposium, Baltimore, MD, August 28-31, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
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Presentation Dunham GE, Laudal DL. Status of monitoring mercury—a research perspective. Presented at the EPA STAR Seminar, Denver, CO, May 12, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Presentation Dunham GE, Laudal DL. Status of monitoring mercury; a research perspective. Presented at CEM Users Group Meeting, Milwaukee, WI, May 4-6, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Presentation Dunham GE, Hill-Brandt K, Olson ES, Pavlish JH. The effects of SO3 on mercury capture by activated carbon sorbents. Presented at the 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Clearwater, FL, May 21-25, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
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Presentation Dunham GE, Miller SJ, Brown TD. Effects of oxygen, moisture, and acid gases on Mercury capture with carbon sorbents. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association's Mercury in the Environment Specialty Conference, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Dunham GE. Effects of oxygen, moisture, and acid gases on mercury capture with carbon sorbents. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Specialty Conference on Mercury in the Environment, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Dunham GE, DeWall RA, Senior CL. Fixed-bed studies of the interactions between mercury and coal combustion fly ashes. Presented at the EPA-DOE-EPRI Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Chicago, IL, August 20-23, 2001. R827649 (2001)
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Presentation Galbreath KC, Pavlish JH, Zygarlicke CJ, Toman DL, Olson ES. A mercury transformation mechanism in a laboratory-scale combustion system. Presented at the 5th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 23-27, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Huggins F, Huffman G, Wong JL. Nickel speciation of residual oil fly ash and ambient particulate matter using x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Wong JL. Nickel speciation of residual oil fly ash using x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association PM 2000: Particulate Matter and Health - The Scientific Basis for Regulatory Decision Making Specialty Conference, Charleston, SC, January 25-28, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation

Galbreath KC, Schulz RL, Toman DL, Nyberg CM, et al. Nickel speciation of fly ash from residual oil-fired power plants. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

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Galbreath KC, Crocker CR, Nyberg CM, Huggins FE, et al. Nickel speciation of urban particulate matter from Davie, Florida. Presented at the 226th American Chemical Society National Meeting, New York, NY, September 7-11, 2003.

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Presentation

Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Toman DL, Schulz RL. Effects of NOx and α-Fe2O3 on mercury transformations in a 7-kW coal combustion system. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 94th Annual Conference & Exhibition, Orlando, FL, June 24-28, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Galbreath KC, Brekke DW, Folkedahl BC. Feasibility of combined wavelength-dispersive/ energy-dispersive computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy for determining trace metal distribution. Presented at the 5th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 23-27, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation

Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Formation and speciation of arsenic-, chromium-, and nickel-bearing PM2.5 produced in a 7-kW coal combustion system. Presented at the National Energy Technology Laboratory PM2.5 Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, April 9-10, 2002.

R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Toman DL. Mercury?flue gas?fly ash interactions. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Specialty Conference on Mercury in the Environment, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Galbreath KC, Crocker CA, Nyberg CM, Ralston NVC, Huggins EE, Huffman GP. Nickel speciation of urban particulate matter. Presented at the 2003 American Association for Aerosol Research PM Meeting on Particulate Matter: Atmospheric Sciences, Exposure, and the Fourth Colloquium on PM and Human Health, Pittsburgh, PA, March 31-April 4, 2003. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Gieske AL, Schluessler LM, Hassett DJ. Thermal desorption of mercury from coal fly ash. Presented at the 94th Annual Meeting of the North Dakota Academy of Science, Grand Forks, ND, April 25-26, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Groenewold G, et al. Center for Air Toxic Metals. Presented at the 9th Annual Meeting of the Center for Air Toxic Metals, held in conjunction with the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10, 2002. R827649 (2002)
not available
Presentation

Hassett DJ, Heebink LV. Long-term mercury vapor release from CCBs. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Zacher EJ. Determination of organomercury compounds from microbiologically mediated mercury release experiments using gas chromatography with SPME sample introduction after boroethylation, boropropylation, or borophenylation. Presented at the A&WMA Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium, Washington, DC, August 30-September 2, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Zacher EJ. A method for determining microbiologically mediated release of elemental and organomercury compounds from CCBs using SPME, gas chromatography, and atomic fluorescence. Presented at the PITTCON 2005, Orlando, FL, February 27-March 4, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Zacher EJ. Real-time thermal devolatilization of mercury and mercury compounds from CCBs detected with atomic absorption spectrometry. Presented at the PITTCON 2005, Orlando, FL, February 27-March 4, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ. HOT TOPIC: mercury and its impact on CCBs. Presented at the Coal Ash Professionals Training Course, Memphis, TN, April 19-21, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Zacher EJ. Mercury and air toxic element impacts on CCB disposal and utilization. Presented at the CARRC Summer Meeting, August 28-30, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ. A generic leaching procedure to predict environmental impact of reactive materials such as coal combustion by-products. Presented at the 15th Annual Waste Testing and Quality Assurance Symposium, Arlington, VA, July 18-21, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV. Coal fly ash trace element mobility in soil stabilization. Presented at the 2001 International Ash Utilization Symposium, Lexington, KY, October 22-24, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Evaluating coal combustion by-products (CCBs) for environmental performance. Presented at the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining Meeting, Denver, CO, April 16-18, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Laudal DL, Pavlish JH. Long-term release of mercury vapor from coal combustion ash. To be presented at the Air and Waste Management Association 95th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Baltimore, MD, June 23-27, 2002. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Laudal DL, Pavlish JH. Mercury release from coal combustion by-products to the environment. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Specialty Conference on Mercury in the Environment, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Gallagher JR, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Microbial release of mercury from coal combustion by-products (CCBs). Presented at the U.S. Department of the Interior Office of Surface Mining Meeting, Denver, CO, April 16-18, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Hassett D. Impact of mercury control on coal combustion products (CCPs). Presented at the Mercury & Multi-Emissions Compliance: Strategies & Tactics Seminar, Charlotte, NC, March 26-27, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Heebink LV, Hassett DJ. Release of mercury vapor from coal combustion ash. Presented at the 2001 International Ash Utilization Symposium, Lexington, KY, October 22-24, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Heebink LV, Hassett DJ. Release of mercury vapor from coal combustion ash. Presented at the EPA-DOE-EPRI Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Chicago, IL, August 20-23, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, ZhuangY, Galbreath KC, et al. Pilot-scale evaluation of activated carbon-based mercury control options for utilities burning lignite coal. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
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Presentation Holmes MJ, Wocken CA, Martin C, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH. Mercury control test results for western coals–activated carbons and sorbent enhancement additives. Presented at the Power-Gen International Conference, Las Vegas, NV, December 6-8, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Mercury short course for coal-fired power plants: regulations, chemistry, health, measurement, and control technologies. Presented at the PowerGen International 2005, Las Vegas, NV, December 5, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Holmes MJ, Benson SA. Mercury measurement and control I and II. Presented at the 2002 Energy Generation Conference, Bismarck, ND, January 23-24, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, Miller SJ, Dunham GE. Sorbent development for control of mercury emissions from utility power plants. Presented at the 95th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air & Waste Management Association 2002, Baltimore, MD, June 23-27, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Hurley JP, Weber GF. Tests of an oxide dispersion-strengthened high-temperature heat exchanger for indirectly fired combined cycles. Presented at the 21st Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Osaka, Japan, September 13-17, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
not available
Presentation

Jensen RR, Benson SA, Zola JM. Predicting ash particle-size and composition distribution produced during biomass and coal firing. Presented at the Engineering Foundation Conference on Power Production in the 21st Century: Impacts of Fuel Quality and Operations, Snowbird, UT, October 28-November 2, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Jordan CR, Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Environmental implications of selenium’s effects on mercury retirement. Presented at the North Dakota Academy of Science, Grand Forks, ND, April 28, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation

Laudal DL, Wocken CA, Chu P, Brickett LA, et al. Evaluation of the effect of SCR on mercury speciation and emissions. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
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Presentation Laudal DL. Bench-scale studies to determine the effects of flue gas constituents on mercury speciation. Presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association, St. Louis, MO, June 20-24, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Laudal DL, Behrens G, Chu P, Brown TD. Field validation of the Ontario hydro mercury speciation method. Presented at the Electric Utilities Environmental Conference, Tucson, AZ, January 11-13, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Laudal DL, Prestbo E. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Laudal DL, Pavlish JH, Graves J, Stockdil D. Mercury balances across two North Dakota lignite-fired utilities. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Specialty Conference on Mercury in the Environment, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Laudal DL, French NB. State-of-the-art of mercury continuous emission monitors for coal-fired systems. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
not available
Presentation Laudal DL, Brown TD, Chu P. Testing of a mercury continuous emission monitor at three coal-fired electric utilities. Presented at the 92nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO, June 20-24, 1999 (Paper No. 99-382). R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Laumb J, Eylands K, McCollor D, Crocker CR, Jensen R, Benson SA. Upper Midwest particulate matter sampling and analysis. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation

Laumb JD, Benson SA, Toman DL, Timpe RC. Bench-scale studies of SCR catalyst blinding. Presented at the Engineering Foundation Conference Power Production in the 21st Century: Impacts of Fuel Quality and Operations, Snowbird, UT, October 28-November 2, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Laumb JD, Benson SA, Olson ES, Dunham GE. Characterization of coal-derived mercury sorbents. Presented at the 26th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuels Systems, Clearwater, FL, March 5-8, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Laumb JD, Jensen RR, Benson SA. Information Collection Request (ICR) for mercury: correlation analysis of coal and power plant data. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Laumb JD, Benson SA. SCR catalyst blinding for subbituminous and lignitic coals: field results. Presented at the 2002 Conference on Selective Catalytic Reduction/Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction for NOx Control, Pittsburgh, PA, May 15-16, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Laumb JD, McCollor DP, Benson SA. Viscosity behavior of subbituminous and lignitic slags. Presented at the Engineering Foundation Conference Power Production in the 21st Century: Impacts of Fuel Quality and Operations, Snowbird, UT, October 28-November 2, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Mibeck BA, Schulz RL, Wilmoth SM. Oxidized mercury spiking system for conversion/conditioning system validation. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Schelkoph GL, Dunham GE, Walker KD, Krigmont H. Advanced particulate control technologies. Presented at the Advanced Combustion Engineering Research Center 13th Annual Technical Conference, Provo, UT, February 25-26, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Schelkoph GL, Walker KD, Feeley TJ, Krigmont H. Ultra-high collection of PM2.5 with the advanced hybrid particulate collector. Presented at the International Joint Power Generation Conference and Exposition and the International Conference on Power Engineering, San Francisco, CA, July 25-28, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation

Miller SJ, Swanson W, Hrdlicka T, Rinschler C, et al. Advanced hybrid™ filter technology update. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation

Miller SJ, Zhuang Y, Almlie JC, Rinschler C, et al. Mercury control with the advanced hybrid™ filter—2003 update. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Dunham GE, Olson ES. Controlling mechanisms that determine mercury sorbent effectiveness. Presented at the 92nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO, June 20?24, 1999 (Paper No. 99-898). R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Dunham GE, Olson ES, Brown TD. Controlling mechanisms that determine mercury sorbent effectiveness. Presented at the International Joint Power Generation Conference and Exposition and the International Conference on Power Engineering, San Francisco, CA, July 25-28, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Jones ML, Walker K, Gebert R, Darrow J, Krigmont H, Feeley T, Swanson W. Field testing of the advanced hybrid particulate collector, a new concept for fine-particle control. Presented at the 2000 American Chemical Society Symposium, San Francisco, CA, March 26-31, 2000. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Collings ME, Zhuang Ye, Gebert R, Davis D, Rinschler C. The advanced hybrid particulate collector field-testing results. Presented at the Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Chicago, IL, August 20-23, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Miller SJ, Dunham GE, Olson ES. Worldwide mercury control strategy for coal. Presented at the 5th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 23-27, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation

Norton GA, Yang H, Brown RC, Laudal DL, et al. Role of fly ash on mercury chemistry in simulated flue gas streams. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 94th Annual Conference & Exhibition, Orlando, FL, June 24-28, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Hitchcock HL, Sharma RK, Young BC, Dunham GE, Miller SJ. Oxidation of mercury vapor with metal oxides. Presented at the 5th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 23-27, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Miller SJ. Mechanisms of mercury capture and breakthrough on activated carbon sorbents. Presented at the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 20-25, 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. The multiple site model for flue gas-mercury interactions on activated carbons: the basic site. Presented at the 225th American Chemical Society National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, March 23-27, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. An improved model for flue gas-mercury interactions on activated carbons. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Department of Energy–Electric Power Research Institute Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, May 19-22, 2003, Paper No. 142.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. The mechanistic model for flue gas–mercury interactions on activated carbons. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Crocker CR, Sun JQ, Hill Brandt KL, Dunham GE, Pavlish JH. The interactions of SO2 and SO3 on a carbon sorbent and their impact on mercury capture. Presented at the Power Plant Air Pollutant Control “Mega” Symposium, Baltimore, MD, August 28-31, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. An improved model for flue-gas–mercury interactions on activated carbons. Presented at the Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, May 19-22, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Mibeck BA, Miller SJ, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Chemical mechanisms in mercury emissions control technologies. Presented at the 12th International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment, Grenoble, France, May 26-30, 2003. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. Comparison of the mercury–flue gas–sorbent interactions on carbons from North Dakota and Texas lignite. Presented at the 224th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 18-22, 2002.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES. Cryogenic and solvent trapping of oxidized mercury species in flue gas. Presented at the Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, Chicago, IL, August 20-23, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Olson ES. Identification of breakthrough oxidized mercury species from sorbents in flue gas. Presented at the Air and Waste Management Association Specialty Conference on Mercury in the Environment, Minneapolis, MN, September 15-17, 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Dunham GE, Sharma R, Miller SJ. Mechanisms of mercury capture on carbon sorbents. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Sharma RK. Novel catalytic carbons for mercury sorption in air. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 93rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Salt Lake City, UT, June 18-22, 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Olson ES, Sharma RK, Benson SA. The stability of Mercury(II) compounds in process gas streams. Presented at the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Orlando, FL, April 7-11, 2002.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Olson ES, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH. Trapping and identification of oxidized mercury species in flue gas. Presented at the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 20-25, 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Olson E, Mibeck B. Oxidation kinetics and the model for mercury capture on carbon in flue gas. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality V: Mercury, Trace Elements, SO3, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 19-21, 2005 (available on CD ROM). CR830929 (2005)
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Presentation Pavlish BM, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, Olson ES. Process for regenerating a spent sorbent. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 97th Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 22-25, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
not available
Presentation

Pavlish JH. Mercury control technologies for electric utilities burning lignite coal. Presented at the Mercury Control Technology R&D Program Review Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, August 12-13, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Pavlish JH. Controlling mercury emissions from lignite and subbituminous coal combustion. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 14th Mercury Roundtable Teleconference Meeting, June 17, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation

Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Benson SA, Zhuang Y, et al. Pilot-scale investigation of mercury control technologies for utilities burning lignite coal. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-Department of Energy–Electric Power Research Institute Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: The Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, May 19-22, 2003; Paper No. 65.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Zhuang Y. Pilot-scale testing of sorbent injection and fuel additives for mercury control. Presented at the Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, August 30-September 2, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH. Overview of mercury regulations and control. Presented at the Energy Generation Conference, Bismarck, ND, January 27-29, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH. Technical review of mercury options for Canadian utilities–a report to the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. Presented to the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment and other stakeholders, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, February 15-16, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH. Special session: mercury control options for lignite-fired utilities. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 98th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Minneapolis, MN, June 23, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH. Mercury emissions from coal. Presented at the 2nd International Experts Workshop, Ottawa, Canada, May 24-26, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ. Preconference workshop: Mercury control—power plants equipped with particulate control only. Presented at the Air Quality V Conference: Mercury, Trace Elements, SO3, and Particulate Matter, Arlington, VA, September 18, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Pavlish JH. Mercury control options for coal-fired utilities. Presented at the Minneapolis Meeting for the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, Minneapolis, MN, February 28, 2007. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation

Pavlish JH, Olson ES, Benson SA, Laumb JD. Understanding mercury–sorbent interactions. Presented at the Sixth International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Minamata, Japan, October 15-19, 2001.

R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Presentation Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. The current state of the science related to rerelease of mercury from coal combustion products. Presented at the 2nd Annual Stack Emissions Symposium, Clearwater Beach, FL, July 28-30, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
not available
Presentation Ralston CR, Meier D, Robertson JD, Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Effects of storage conditions on mercury and selenium in insect samples. Presented at Mercury 2006: 8th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Madison, WI, August 6-11, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation

Ralston NVC. Insights into potential mechanisms of mercury toxicity. Presented at the Valuing Externalities Workshop, McLean, VA, February 20-21, 2003 (abstract).

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Jordan CR, Raymond LJ. Selenium as a bioindicator of susceptibility to mercury toxicity: the "tonic to target" paradigm shift. Presented at the 20th Annual International Conference on Soil & Sediments and Water, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, October 18-21, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
R827649 (Final)
Presentation Ralston NVC. Selenium modulation of toxicants in seafood. Presented at the Institute of Medicine: National Academy of Science, Washington, DC, April 11, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC. Mercury’s effects on selenium metabolism. Presented at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD, April 12, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC. Selenium’s role in the mercury issue. Presented at the National Fisheries Institute Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 19, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Gallagher JR, Galbreath KC, Zillioux EJ. Comparison of DNA damage resulting from exposure to various nickel species. Presented at the 97th North Dakota Academy of Science Conference, Grand Forks, ND, April 28-29, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Gallagher JR, Galbreath KC, Zillioux EJ. Assessment of toxicity of residual oil fly ash and nickel subsulfide using DNA damage assay. Presented at American Association for Aerosol Research, Atlanta, GA, February 10, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC. Selenium’s role in mercury toxicity: the “tonic to target” paradigm shift. Presented at an invited talk before Auburn University Neurophysiology Department, Auburn, AL, February 7, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Gallagher JR, Galbreath KC, Zillioux EJ. Assessment of free radical production by residual oily fly ash and nickel subsulfide using DNA damage assay. Presented at the American Association for Aerosol Research Particulate Matter Supersites Program and Related Studies International Specialty Conference, Atlanta, GA, February 7-11, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC. Combating the methylmercury scare. Presented at the International Seafood Convention, Boston, MA, March 14, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC. Selenium’s interactions with mercury. Presented at the Seychelles Child Development Study Group Meeting, Rochester, NY, May 9, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Raymond LJ, Shamlaye C, Myers G, Clarkson T. Selenium in blood samples from seychellois mother-child pairs. Presented at Mercury 2006: 8th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Madison, WI, August 6-11, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Galbreath KC, Zillioux EJ. DNA damage initiated by nickel subsulfide and other nickel species. Presented at the 7th International Aerosol Conference, American Association for Aerosol Research, St. Paul, MN, September 10-15, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Ralston NVC, Raymond LJ, Benson SA, Jones MJ. Selenium's protective effects against mercury toxicity. Presented at the Electric Utilities Environmental Conference (EUEC), Tucson, AZ, January 21-24, 2007. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation

Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Environmental and biological significance of the mercury–selenium interaction. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Physiological implications of mercury’s effects on selenium availability. Presented at the North Dakota Academy of Science, Grand Forks, ND, April 28, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston CR, Ralston NVC. Interactive effects of dietary mercury and selenium on distribution into hair and blood. Presented at Mercury 2006: 8th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Madison, WI, August 6-11, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston CR, Ralston NVC. Interactive effects of dietary mercury and selenium on elemental tissue distributions. Poster presented at Mercury 2006: 8th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Madison, WI, August 6-11, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Galbreath KC, Ralston NVC, Zillioux EJ. Assessment of DNA damage resulting from exposure to residual oil fly ash and various nickel species. Presented at the Mercury, Trace Metals, and Fine Particulates–Issues and Solutions, Topic Oriented Technical Meeting (TOTeM 28), Salt Lake City, UT, March 13-14, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. The implications of selenium’s protection against methylmercury toxicity. Presented at the Mercury, Trace Metals, and Fine Particulates—Issues and Solutions, Topic Oriented Technical Meeting (TOTeM 28), Salt Lake City, UT, March 13-14, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston CR, Ralston NVC. Dietary selenium's influence on prevention and treatment of mercury toxicity. Presented at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 27th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, November 5-9, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Raymond LJ, Ralston CR, Ralston NVC. Physiological studies of selenium's role in protection against methylmercury toxicity. Presented at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 27th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, November 5-9, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
not available
Presentation Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Hurley JP, Mann MD, Pavlish JH, Swanson ML, Weber GF, Zygarlicke CJ. Review of advances in combustion technology and biomass cofiring. Presented at the Coal Technology and Utilization Conference, Ankara, Turkey, April 14-15, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Presentation Sun Q, Lillemoen CM, Erickson TA, Kurz M.D. Total mercury determination in crude oil by microwave digestion and cold-vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. Presented at the American Chemical Society Annual National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 20-25, 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Presentation Sun Q, Crocker CR, Lillemoen CM. The effect of coal combustion flue gas components on low level chlorine speciation using EPA Method 26A. Presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association, St. Louis, MO, June 20-24, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation

Thompson JS, Zhuang Y, Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, et al. Combustion mercury transformation and kinetic relationships. Presented at the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
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Presentation Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Bush C, Brickett LA. Enhancing carbon reactivity for mercury control: field test results from Leland Olds. Presented at the Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, Washington, DC, August 30-September 2, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, Pavlish JH, Toman DL. Mercury-flue gas-fly ash interaction. Presented at the 92nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO, June 20-24, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury transformation in coal combustion flue gas. Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association 98th Annual Conference and Exhibition, Minneapolis, MN, June 21-24, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, Pavlish JH. Coal combustion mercury transformation and speciation. Presented at the 17th Annual Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 11-15, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC. Coal combustion mercury transformations. Presented at the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Critical issues in PM2.5 facing U.S. industry. Presented at the 24th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuel Systems, Clearwater, FL, March 8-11, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury debate in the United States: movement toward legislation. Presented at the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, January 20, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury speciation and emissions issues in the United States. Presented at the National Coal Quality Inventory Project Kickoff Meeting, Dallas, TX, February 10, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury speciation and implication on control and regulation. Presented at the National Coal Quality Inventory Kickoff Meeting, Dallas, TX, January 11-12, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Presentation Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury: the road to legislation in the United States. Presented at a seminar at the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, January 20, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Proceedings

Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Stelz WG, Brown TD, eds. Proceedings of the Air Quality: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, December 1-4, 1998 (Special Issue of Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66).

R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Benson SA, Jones ML. Advancements in predicting ash behavior in western coal-fired power plants. In: Nineteenth Western Fuels Presymposium Workshops, Billings, MT, October 11, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Proceedings Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Stelz WG, Renninger S, Levin L, eds. Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, McLean, VA, September 19-21, 2000. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Proceedings Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Stelz WG, Renninger S, Levin L, eds. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Benson SA, Swanson ML, Olson ES. Trace element transformations and options for control in gasification systems. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings Crocker CR, Olson ES, Mibeck BA, Sharma RK, Hill Brandt KL. Surface chemistry of pretreated activated carbon sorbents exposed to mercury in simulated flue gases. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environmental Protection, Orleans, France, October 2-6, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Dockter BA. Engineering specifications of state departments of transportation for utilization of coal combustion products. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings

Dunham GE, Olson ES, Miller SJ. Impact of flue gas constituents on carbon sorbents. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Erickson TA, Stelz WG, Pavlish JH, Renninger S, Levin L, eds. Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury Trace Elements and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Formation and chemical speciation of arsenic-, chromium-, and nickel-bearing coal combustion PM2.5. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings

Galbreath KC, Schulz RL, Toman DL, Nyberg CM, et al. Nickel speciation of fly ash from residual oil-fired power plants. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Huggins FE, et al. Nickel speciation of residual oil fly ash and ambient particulate matter using x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Hassett DJ, Zacher EJ, Heebink LV. Organomercury compound determination from microbiologically mediated CUB samples. In: Proceedings of the World of Coal Ash Conference, Lexington, KY, April 11-15, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Zacher EJ, Brickett L. Quantitation and interpretation of release of mercury from coal utilization by-products. In: Proceedings of the World of Coal Ash Conference, Lexington, KY, April 11-15, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings

Hassett DJ, Heebink LV. Long-term mercury vapor release from CCBs. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Hassett DJ, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Laudal DL, Pavlish JH. Mercury release from coal combustion by-products to the environment. In: Proceedings of the 1999 International Ash Utilization Symposium, Lexington, KY, October 18-20, 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Proceedings Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Potential for mercury release from coal combustion by-products. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings Hesbach P, Beck M, Eick M, Daniels WL, et al. Interlaboratory comparison of leaching methods. In: Proceedings of the World of Coal Ash Conference, Lexington, KY, April 11-15, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, Zhuang Y, Galbreath KC, Pavlish B. Pilot-scale evaluation of activated carbon-based mercury control options for utilities burning lignite coal. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference; Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003. CR830929 (2004)
R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH, Benson SA, Zhuang Y, Brickett L, Eriksen R. Developing mercury control options for utilities firing western coals. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Jensen RR, Karki S, Salehfar H, Benson SA. Artificial intelligence-based estimation of mercury speciation in combustion flue gases. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Jordan CR, Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Environmental implications of selenium’s effects on mercury retirement. In: Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science: 97th Annual Meeting, Grand Forks, ND, April 28–29, 2005, p. 69. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Laudal DL, Dunham GE, Levin L. Evaluation of mercury speciation in a power plant plume. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Brickett L, Chu P, Srivastava R. Evaluation of mercury speciation at power plants using SCR and SNCR NOx control technologies. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings

Laudal DL, Wocken CA, Chu P, Brickett LA, et al. Evaluation of the effect of SCR on mercury speciation and emissions. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Laudal DL, Prestbo E. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Laudal DL, French NB, Roberson RL. State-of-the-art of continuous mercury monitors for coal-fired systems. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Minamata, Japan, October 15-19, 2001, Section AN-15, p. 76. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Proceedings

Laudal DL, French NB. State-of-the-art of mercury continuous emission monitors for coal-fired systems. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649C001 (Final)
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Proceedings Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Chu P, Roberson R, Brickett L. Use of continuous mercury monitors at coal-fired utilities. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings Laumb JD, Benson SA. Slipstream mercury studies. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Laumb JD, Jensen RR, Zola JM, Dvorak L, Benson SA. Impact of ash chemistry on mercury speciation and control. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings

Laumb JD, Benson SA, Mann MD, Erjavec J. Predicting slag viscosity from coal ash composition. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Coal Science/NETL Event Management, San Francisco, CA, September 30-October 5, 2001.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Laumb JD, Eylands K, McCollor D, Crocker CR, et al. Upper midwest particulate matter sampling and analysis. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Laumb JD, Benson SA, Olson ES. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of mercury sorbent surface chemistry. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings

Mibeck BA, Schulz RL, Wilmoth SM. Oxidized mercury spiking system for conversion/conditioning system validation. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Miller SJ. Fine particulate control for western fuels. In: Nineteenth Western Fuels Presymposium Workshops, Billings, MT, October 11, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Proceedings

Miller SJ, Swanson W, Hrdlicka T, Rinschler C, et al. Advanced hybrid™ filter technology update. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Miller SJ, Zhuang Y, Almlie JC, Rinschler C, et al. Mercury control with the advanced hybrid™ filter—2003 update. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Nelson CR. Coalbed natural gas resource potential of subbituminous coal in the Powder River Basin. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Olson ES, Mibeck BA, Crocker CR, Sharma RK, et al. Chemisorption of elemental mercury of activated carbons in flue gas. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environmental Protection, Orleans, France, October 2-6, 2005. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Olson ES, Mibeck BA. Oxidation kinetics of mercury in flue gas. American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry Preprint 2005;50(1):68-70. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Olson ES. Mass spectrometry of volatile oxidized mercury species from flue gas. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Minamata, Japan, October 15-19, 2001, p. 210. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Proceedings

Olson ES, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Miller SJ. Mechanisms of mercury capture on carbon sorbents. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner, VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings

Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, et al. The mechanistic model for flue gas–mercury interactions on activated carbons. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ. Mercury control for western coals. In: Nineteenth Western Fuels Presymposium Workshops, Billings, MT, October 11, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Proceedings Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Benson SA, Crocker CR, Galbreath KC. Mercury control technologies for utilities burning lignite coal. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Proceedings Pavlish JH, Olson ES, Benson SA, Laumb JD. Understanding mercury-sorbent interactions. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Minamata, Japan, October 15-19, 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
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Proceedings Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Mercury, coal combustion by-products, and the potential for rerelease. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Ralston NVC, Gallagher JR, Galbreath KC. Comparison of DNA damage resulting from exposure to various nickel species. In: Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science: 97th Annual Meeting, Grand Forks, ND, April 28–29, 2005, p. 75. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Physiological implications of mercury's effects on selenium availability. In: Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science: 97th Annual Meeting, Grand Forks, ND, April 28–29, 2005, p. 76. CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings

Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Environmental and biological significance of the mercury–selenium interaction. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Sharma R, Olson E, Crocker C. Chlorinated carbon sorbents: how is the chlorine attached? In: Proceedings of the Air Quality V: Mercury, Trace Elements, SO3, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 19-21, 2005 (available on CD ROM). CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Sondreal E, Swanson M, Benson S, Holmes M, Jensen M. A review of gasification technology for coproduction of power, synfuels, and hydrogen from low-rank coals. In: Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Western Fuels: International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Denver, CO, October 24-26, 2006. CR830929 (2006)
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Proceedings Steadman EN, Sorensen JA. Carbon sequestration. In: Nineteenth Western Fuels Presymposium Workshops, Billings, MT, October 11, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Proceedings Steadman EN, Sorensen JA, Reilkoff TE, O'Leary EM, de Silva LL, Jensen MD, Harju JA. The plains CO2 reduction (PCOR) partnership: identifying and developing greenhouse gas sequestration opportunities in the North American Great Plains. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Swanson ML, Hajicek DR, Collings ME, Henderson AK. Gasification of low-rank coals in a transport reactor. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings

Thompson JS, Zhuang Y, Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, et al. Combustion mercury transformation and kinetic relationships. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 22-24, 2003.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Thompson J, Pavlish J, Smith D, Podwin S, et al. Sorbent injection into a slipstream baghouse for mercury control: screening and parametric results. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality V: Mercury, Trace Elements, SO3, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 19-21, 2005 (available on CD ROM). CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Wang X, Harju JA, Bolles BA, Sorensen JA. A decision tool for watershed-based effluent trading. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings Zhuang Y, Zygarlicke J, Thompson J, Pavlish J. Chlorine-induced mercury transformation in a high-temperature coal flue gas. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality V: Mercury, Trace Elements, SO3, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 19-21, 2005 (available on CD ROM). CR830929 (2005)
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Proceedings Zygarlicke CJ, Folkedahl BC, Strege J. Alkali influences on sulfur capture for North Dakota lignite combustion. In: Proceedings of Western Fuels Symposium: 19th International Conference on Lignite, Brown, and Subbituminous Coals, Billings, MT, October 12-14, 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Proceedings

Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC. Coal combustion mercury transformations. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Tyson’s Corner VA, September 19-21, 2000.

R827649 (Final)
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Proceedings Zygarlicke CJ, Zhuang Y, Galbreath KC, Thompson JS, Holmes MJ, Tibbetts JE, Schulz RL, Dunham GE. Experimental investigations of mercury transformations in pilot-scale combustion systems and a bench-scale entrained flow reactor. In: Proceedings of the Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference, Arlington, VA, September 10-12, 2002. R827649 (2002)
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Report Benson, et al. 1997-1998 annual report of the Center for Air Toxic Metals. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, March 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Benson SA, et al. 1999 annual report of the Center for Air Toxic Metals. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, February 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Report Benson SA, et al. 2000 annual report of the Center for Air Toxic Metals. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, March 2001. R827649 (2000)
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Report Benson SA, et al. 2001 Annual Report of the Center for Air Toxic Metals, Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, March 2002. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
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Report Benson SA, Olson ES, Dunham GE, Laumb JD. Characterization of coal-derived mercury sorbents. Final Report, EERC Publication 2001-EERC-01-05. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, January 2001. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Report

CATM Staff. 2002 Annual Report of the Center for Air Toxic Metals, Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, February 2003.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
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Report Dunham GE, Miller SJ. Bench-scale tests to evaluate mercury fly ash interactions. Final Report (April 1-March 31, 2001) for PSI Contract No. SC16945-1283; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-03-02; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, March 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Report Galbreath KC, DeWall RA, Zygarlicke CJ. IEA coal research collaborative programme on modes of occurrence of trace elements in coal-results from the Energy and Environmental Research Center. Final Report for Lucas Heights Science and Technology Centre, EERC Publication 99-EERC-11-03. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, November 1999. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Report Galbreath KC. Metal species emission inventory for oil-fired boilers. Quarterly Technical Progress Report (July-September 2000) for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, October 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Report Galbreath KC. Nickel and arsenic speciation of residual oil fly ash. Final Report for Electric Power Research Institute, EERC Publication 99-EERC-01-01. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, September 1999, 13 pp. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
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Report Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Mercury and air toxic element impacts of coal combustion by-product disposal and utilization. Year 1 Annual Report for the U.S. Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-FC26-03NT41727, Energy & Environmental Research Center. Grand Forks, ND: April 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Report Hassett DJ, Heebink LV,Zacher EJ, Buckley T, Jung R. Mercury and air toxic element impacts of coal combustion by-product disposal and utilization. Year 2 Final Report for U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Grand Forks, ND:Energy & Environmental Research Center, June 2005, EERC Publication 2005-EERC-06-09. CR830929 (2005)
Report Jensen RR, Benson SA, Laumb JD. Advanced power systems analysis tools. Final Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40320; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-08-05; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, August 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Report Kurz MD, Laudal DL. Mercury formation and fate - Volume 2: Mercury speciation sampling at Cooperative and United Power Association's Coal Creek Station. Report of U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC21-93MC30098. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, April 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL, Kurz MD, Sorensen JA, Bolles BA, Gunderson LL. Mercury formation and fate. Final Report for Electric Power Research Institute Purchase Order No. WO9002-23, Cooperative Power Association Purchase Order No. PO2002350-000, Minnkota Power Cooperative Purchase Order No. PO 97-4630, U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC21-93MC30098, Industrial Commission of North Dakota Purchase Order No. FY98-XXVIII-79; EERC Publication 99-EERC-01-02. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, January 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL, Principal Investigator. Power Plant Evaluation of The Effect of Selective Catalytic Reduction on Mercury. EPRI Report: Palo Alto, CA, U.S. Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, 2002, 1005400, 1-213. R827649 (2002)
R827649 (Final)
Report

Laudal DL. Fundamental study of the impact of SCR on mercury speciation. Final Report; EERC Publication 03-EERC-12-03. Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, December 2003.

R827649 (2003)
R827649 (Final)
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Report Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Wocken CA. JV 36 – Selective catalytic reduction mercury field sampling project. Final Report (March 1, 2001; June 30, 2004) for U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40321, EERC Publication 2004-EERC-08-01, Energy & Environmental Research Center. Grand Forks, ND: August 2004. CR830929 (2004)
Report Laudal DL, Pavlish JH, Thompson JS, Wocken CA, Roberson R. Longer-term testing of continuous mercury monitors. Final Report (Dec 19, 2001; Dec 31, 2003) for U.S. Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98-FT40321, EERC Publication 2004-EERC-02-02, Energy & Environmental Research Center. Grand Forks, ND: February 2004. CR830929 (2004)
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Report Laudal DL. Characterization and modeling of the forms of mercury from coal-fired power plants. Final Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-08-01; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, August 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Report Laudal DL, Ondov JM, Terry JS, Heller-Zeisler S. Determination of particulate deposition parameters using a novel dual-tracer method. Phase I; Combined Annual and Final Report (September 30, 1998-September 30, 2000) for the Environmental Protection Agency Grant Nos. X985891-01 and X995129-01; EERC Publication 2000-EERC-09-01, Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, September 2000. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Report Laudal DL. Field validation of the Ontario hydro mercury speciation sampling method at Site E-29. Final Report for Electric Power Research Institute and the U.S. Department of Energy. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, January 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. Final Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, October 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
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Report Laudal DL. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. Quarterly Report for the U.S. Department of Energy (April-June 2000). Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, July 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. Quarterly Report for the U.S. Department of Energy (January-March 2000). Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, April 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Report Laudal DL. Investigation of the fate of mercury in a coal combustion plume using a static plume dilution chamber. Quarterly Report for the U.S. Department of Energy (July-September 2000). Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, October 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Report Laudal DL, Kurz MD. Mercury formation and fate - Volume 1: Mercury speciation sampling at Minnkota Power Cooperative's Milton R. Young Station. Report for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC21-93MC30098. Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, January 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL, Thompson JS. Mercury speciation sampling at Great River Energy's Stanton Station. Final Report for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321, EERC Publication 2000-EERC-03-04. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, March 2000. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
not available
Report Laudal DL, Pavlish JH, Galbreath KC, Thompson JS, Weber GF, Sondreal EA. Pilot-scale evaluation of the impact of selective catalytic reduction for NOx on mercury speciation (also known as mercury studies). Final Report for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Cooperative Agreement No. R-828323091; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-12-03; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, December 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Report

Laudal DL. Selective catalytic reduction mercury field sampling project. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2002, EPA-600/R-02-096.

R827649 (Final)
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Report Laudal DL. Task 63 - field validation of the Ontario hydro mercury speciation sampling method at Site E-29. Final Report for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC21-93MC30098, EERC Publication 99-EERC-07-02. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, July 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Laudal DL, Thompson JS. Validation of mercury CEMs when cofiring biomass at Madison Electric's Blount Station. Final Topical Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321; EERC Publication 2000-EERC-12-03, Energy and Environment Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, September 2000. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Report

Olson ES. Development of carbon products from low-rank coals. Final Report for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40320. Grand Forks, ND: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy & Environmental Research Center, July 2001, EERC Publication 2001-EERC-07-02.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Report Olson ES, Sharma RK. Task 18 - carbon sorbent optimization and evaluation for high levels of mercury contamination. Final Report (October 1, 1997-March 31, 1999) for U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Management Contract No. DE-FC21-94MC31388, EERC Publication 99-EERC-10-03. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, October 1999. R827649 (2000)
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Report Pavish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 2—Mercury Measurement. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environment Research Center, April 2004. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse:Quarter 1—Sorbent Injection Technologies. Grand Forks, ND:Energy & Environment Research Center, January 2004. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 3—Advanced and Developmental Mercury Control Technologies. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environment Research Center, July 2004. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 8—Commercialization Aspects of Sorbent Injection Technologies in Canada. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environment Research Center, October 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report

Pavlish JH, et al. Center for Air Toxic Metals Scientific and Institutional Peer Review, Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, April 23-25, 2003.

R827649 (2003)
not available
Report

Pavlish JH, et al. Center for Air Toxic Metals. Center for Air Toxic Metals, February 2003; 9(1):1-15 (newsletter).

R827649 (2003)
not available
Report

Pavlish JH, et al. Center for Air Toxic Metals. Center for Air Toxic Metals, September 2003; 9(2):1-8 (newsletter).

R827649 (2003)
not available
Report Pavlish JH, Benson SA. Air Quality II: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter Conference. Final Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT0321; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-08-04; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, August 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available
Report Pavlish JH. Task 1.2-mercury stability in the environment. Final Topical Report (April 15, 1998-June 30, 1999) for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40320, EERC Publication 99-EERC-09-03. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, September 1999. R827649 (2000)
not available
Report Pavlish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 4—Rerelease of Mercury from Coal Combustion By-Products. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environment Research Center, October 2004. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavlish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 6—Mercury Control Field Demonstrations. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environmental Research Center, April 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavlish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 9—Mercury Information Clearinghouse Final Report. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environmental Research Center, December 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavlish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 5—Mercury Fundamentals. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environmental Research Center, January 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pavlish J. Mercury Information Clearinghouse: Quarter 7—Mercury Regulations in the United States: Federal and State. Grand Forks, ND: Energy & Environmental Research Center, July 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report Pflughoeft-Hassett DF, Hassett DJ, Buckley TD, Heebink LV, Zacher EJ. Laboratory methods for the evaluation of potential release of mercury from coal utilization by-products. Topical Report for U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Grand Forks, ND:Energy & Environmental Research Center, April 2005. CR830929 (2005)
Report Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Zygarlicke CJ, Erickson TA, Galbreath KC, Thompson JS, McCollor DP, Crocker CR, Lillemoen CM, Mann MD, Jensen RR, Weber GF. Center for Air Toxic Metals, Volume III. Final Technical Report for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Assistance Agreement R824854. Energy and Environmental Research Center: Grand Forks, ND, September 2000. R827649 (2000)
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Report

Timpe RC. Gasification for distributed generation. Final Report for U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40320. Grand Forks, ND: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy & Environmental Research Center, June 2001, EERC Publication 2001-EERC-0607.

R827649 (Final)
not available
Report Zhuang Y, Miller SJ, Collings ME. Advanced hybrid particulate collector-pilot-scale testing. Final Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT40321; EERC Publication 2001-EERC-09-04; Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, September 2001. R827649 (2001)
R827649C001 (2001)
R827649C001 (Final)
not available