Science Inventory

FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS OF PERVAPORATION THROUGH ZEOLITE MEMBRANES

Citation:

Bowen**,TC, R. D. Noble, AND J. Falconer. FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS OF PERVAPORATION THROUGH ZEOLITE MEMBRANES. Presented at 3rd International Zeolite Membrane Meeting, Breckenridge, CO, July 25 - 28, 2004.

Impact/Purpose:

To inform the public

Description:

Zeolite membranes are well suited for separating liquid-phase mixtures by pervaporation because of their molecular-sized pores and their hydrophilic/hydrophobic nature, and the first commercial application of zeolite membranes has been for dehydrating organics [1]. Because of the large number of zeolites that can be prepared, zeolite membranes have also been used to remove organics from water, separate organic mixtures, and remove water from acid solutions on the laboratory scale. The fundamental aspects of separations by pervaporation through zeolite membranes are discussed, and examples of the selectivities and fluxes obtained are presented. Some aspects of these separations are similar to gas-phase separations using zeolite membranes, but feed-side coverages are close to saturation during pervaporation, making competitive adsorption and molecule-molecule interactions more important during multicomponent diffusion. Some of the topics that are discussed include: (1) the use of feed fugacities to predict separations selectivities, (2) the effects of coverage, competitive adsorption, heats of adsorption, molecular sizes, temperature, and membrane structure on transport and separations, (3) the ability of one molecule to slow down or speed up another molecule in the zeolite pores, and (4) the techniques used to measure adsorption and diffusion properties.

[1] Y. Morigami, M. Kondo, J. Abe, H. Kita, and K. Okamoto, The first large-scale pervaporation plant using tubular-type module with zeolite NaA membrane, Sep. Purif. Tech., 25 (2001) 251-260.








Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 07/25/2004
Record Last Revised: 08/01/2008
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 95818

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH