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EVALUATION OF SINK EFFECTS ON VOCS FROM A LATEX PAINT
Chang*, J.C S., L E. Sparks*, Z Guo*, AND R. Fortmann. EVALUATION OF SINK EFFECTS ON VOCS FROM A LATEX PAINT. JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION 48(10):953-958, (1998).
The sink strength of two common indoor materials, a carpet and a gypsum board, was evaluated by environmental chamber tests with four volatile organic compounds (VOCs): propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol (BEE), and texanol. These oxygenated compounds represent the major VOCs emitted from a latex paint. Each chamber test included two phases. Phase 1 was the dosing/adsorption period during which sink materials (pieces of carpet and gypsum board samples) were exposed to the four VOCs. The sink strength of each material tested was characterized by the amount of the VOCs adsorbed. Phase 2 was the purging/desorption period during which the chambers with the dosed sink materials were flushed with purified air. The remission rates of the adsorbed VOCs from the sinks were reflected by the amount of the VOCs being flushed. Phase 1 results indicated that the sink strength measured was more than 1 order-of-magnitude higher than that for other VOCs previously tested by EPA. The high sink strength reflected the unusually high adsorption capacity of common indoor materials for the four VOCs. Phase 2 results showed that reemission was an extremely slow process. If all the VOCs adsorbed were reemittable it would take more than a year to completely flush out the VOCs from the sink materials tested.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION
INDOOR ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT BRANCH