EPA Science Inventory

LIFE-CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT DEMONSTRATION FOR THE GBU-24

Citation:

Tolle, D., B. Vigon, AND D. Evers. LIFE-CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT DEMONSTRATION FOR THE GBU-24. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-98/070 (NTIS PB99-102659), 1999.

Description:

The primary goal of this project was to develop and demonstrate a life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) approach using existing life-cycle inventory (LCI) data on one of the propellants, energetics, and pyro-technic (PEP) materials of interest to the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Since the PEP program framework is strongly oriented around life-cycle assessment (LCA), a baseline LCI of the guided bomb unit-24 (GBU-24) made with RDX explosives had been conducted prior to this study and was selected as a test case for this LCIA. An LCIA methodology and model-ing approach were developed based on the Society of Environmental Toxi-cology and Chemistry,s (SETAC,s) Level 2/3 equivalency assessment framework and applied to the previously collected GBU-24 LCI data. The LCIA methodology based on impact equivalencies described in this study provides a much more accurate approach to potential impact evalu-ation than the &less-is-best8 approach (SETAC Level 1) using inventory data only. The method described in this report includes both regional scaling factors to improve characterization accuracy and geographically-relevant normalization factors to provide perspective. This bench-marking analy-sis can be used for comparison with alternative energetics.

Purpose/Objective:

information

URLs/Downloads:

LIFE-CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT DEMONSTRATION FOR THE GBU-24

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Start Date: 02/19/1999
Completion Date: 02/19/1999
Record Last Revised: 08/13/2008
Record Created: 12/07/2004
Record Released: 12/07/2004
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 90407

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS BRANCH