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SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF METHANOL FROM COMBINED WIND TURBINE AND FUEL CELL POWER
Spiegel*, R J. SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF METHANOL FROM COMBINED WIND TURBINE AND FUEL CELL POWER. WIND ENGINEERING. Multi-Science Publishing Co Ltd, 27(2):121-134, (2003).
The paper examines an integrated use of ultra-clean wind turbines and high temperature fuel cells to produce methanol, especially for transportation purposes. The principal utility and application of the process is the production of transportation fuel from domestic resources to displace petroleum imports; reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and convert wind power and fuel cell energy, including waste heat and exhaust gas (CO2), into Clean liquid fuel (methanol) that is compatible with future vehicle technology based on fuel cells. Potential designs are presented and assessed for methanol yield, production cost, and emissions reductions. Results show that this process can produce significant amounts of vehicle fuel comparable to what is annually consumed in the U.S. (approximately 19 EJ), can minimize emissions, is potentially cost competitive with other technologies that produce methanol, and is compatible with the requirements of a new generation of vehicles based on fuel cells.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION
ATMOSPHERIC PROTECTION BRANCH