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REMEDIATION OF SOILS CONTAMINATED WITH WOOD PRESERVING WASTES: CROSSCURRENT AND COUNTERCURRENT SOLVENT WASHING
Khodadoust, A. P., M. T. Suidan, C M. Acheson*, AND R C. Brenner*. REMEDIATION OF SOILS CONTAMINATED WITH WOOD PRESERVING WASTES: CROSSCURRENT AND COUNTERCURRENT SOLVENT WASHING. Bennett, G.F. (ed.), JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, B64(2):167-179, (1999).
solvent washing was evaluated as a method to remove pentachlorophenol (PCP) from aged field soils contaminated with wood treating wastes. Several soil:solvent contact ratios were considered. Solvent washing processes were evaluated based on the removal of PCP from the soil throughout the process. Mixtures with at least 50% (mass) ethanol extracted statistically equivalent amounts of PCP, removing as much as 730 mg/kg for one soil. Kinetic experiments demonstrated that soil-solvent contact times of approximately 1 h were adequate to remove a majority of the PCP. A crosscurrent soil washing procedure ws developed to determine the solvent volume required to remove PCP from field soils. Consecutive wash stages with the 50% ethanol solvent were followed by water rinse stages. The crosscurrent washes were performed in three- and two-stage processes where soils were washed with the 50% ethanol solvent in three- and two-successive stages followed by water rinse stages. Ethanol recoveries were greater than 90% for both the three- and the two-stage wash trains. In addition to PCP, hydrocarbons were removed from the field soils by the 50% ethanol solvent. Effective removal of PCP by the 50% ethanol solvent was not impeded by the presence of hydrocarbons in the soils. Three-stage countercurrent soil washing with 50% ethanol ws successful in reducing PCP contamination on the soil from 785 to less than 40 mg/kg.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS MANAGEMENT BRANCH