EPA Science Inventory

DETERMINATION OF PERCHLORATE IN TOBACCO PLANTS AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS

Citation:

Ellington, J. J., N. L. Wolfe, A. W. Garrison, J. J. Evans, J. Avants, AND Q. Teng. DETERMINATION OF PERCHLORATE IN TOBACCO PLANTS AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 35(15):3213-3218, (2001).

Description:

Previous field and laboratory studies with vascular plants have shown that perchlorate is transported from perchlorate fortified soils and is accumulated in the plant tissues and organs. This paper reports results of initial investigations on the accumulation of perchlorate in tobacco plants grown in soils amended with a fertilizer whose nitrogen content is derived, solely or in part, from mined Chile saltpeter (sodium nitrate). Methods were developed for the analysis of perchlorate in soils, tobacco leaves, and selected commercial tobacco products based on aqueous extractions from freeze-dried material. Analytical methods based on ion chromatography (IC), capillary electrophoresis (CE), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were developed for both qualitative and quantitative analyses of perchlorate. Results show that perchlorate is accumulated by tobacco plants into the lamina and midrib of the leaves from soils amended with Chile salpeter which contains perchlorate as a natural impurity. Also, perchlorate can persist over an extended period of time and under a variety of industrial processes as show by its presence in off-the-shelf tobacco products including cigarettes, cigars, and pouch and plug chewing tobaccos in concentrations ranging from 0.4 +- 0.01 to 21.5 +- 0.4 mg/kg.

Purpose/Objective:

Elucidate and model the underlying processes (physical, chemical, enzymatic, biological, and geochemical) that describe the species-specific transformation and transport of organic contaminants and nutrients in environmental and biological systems. Develop and integrate chemical behavior parameterization models (e.g., SPARC), chemical-process models, and ecosystem-characterization models into reactive-transport models.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 08/01/2001
Completion Date: 08/01/2001
Record Last Revised: 12/22/2005
Record Created: 09/26/2003
Record Released: 09/26/2003
Record ID: 64387

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LAB

ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION

PROCESSES & MODELING BRANCH