EPA Science Inventory

HYDROGEOMORPHIC INFLUENCES ON MACROPHYTES AS HABITAT IN GREAT LAKES WETLANDS

Citation:

Trebitz, A S., D L. Taylor, AND R L. Anderson. HYDROGEOMORPHIC INFLUENCES ON MACROPHYTES AS HABITAT IN GREAT LAKES WETLANDS. Presented at 86th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Madison, WI, August 5-10, 2001.

Description:

We used rapid survey techniques to map saubmergerd, floating and emergent vegetation in 10 coastal wetlands of Lake Superior. Density and structure of plant beds in "bay," "main channel," and "side channel" areas was evaluated from cover indices and presence/dominance by growth form. There were significant differences in cover and growth form composition among fluvial zones; bays had the most cover and structural diversity, and main channels the least. Bays and side channels had denser submergents and were more likely to have tall, dissected forms (e.g. Myriophyllum), ground-cover forms (e.g. Elodea), and large-leaved Potamogetons. Bays and side channels also had more floating-leaved cover, with big-leaved (Nuphar), ribbon-leaved (Sparganium fluctuans), and floating-leaved Potamogeton forms more likely present. Density of fringing emergent vegetation did not differ among fluvial ones, but the fringe was widest in bays. Main channels were dominated by "spiky" forms (sedges, rushes) while side channels and bays were dominated by "lance-leaved" forms (Sparganium, Typha) or dicots (e.g. Sagittaria). We also measured dissolved oxygen and water flow rates in wetland fluvial zones. Microflows and DO were somewhat higher in main-channels than off-channels areas, and were substantially higher in wetlands with larger stream and lake inputs. Differences in water quality and plant structure among wetland fluvial zones translate into differences in habitat for fish and invertebrates. The distribution of fluvial zones and habitat depends on wetland type and tributary size.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Start Date: 08/05/2001
Completion Date: 08/05/2001
Record Last Revised: 06/06/2005
Record Created: 09/26/2003
Record Released: 09/26/2003
Record ID: 60942

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION

ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT RESEARCH