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COMPARISON OF MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATION RATE COEFFICIENTS OF XENOBIOTIC CHEMICALS BETWEEN FIELD-COLLECTED AND LABORATORY MICROCOSM MICROBIOTA
Lewis, D., R. Kellogg, AND H. Holm. COMPARISON OF MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATION RATE COEFFICIENTS OF XENOBIOTIC CHEMICALS BETWEEN FIELD-COLLECTED AND LABORATORY MICROCOSM MICROBIOTA. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/D-84/049 (NTIS PB84149749), 1984.
Two second-order transformation rate coefficients--kb, based on total plate counts, and kA, based on periphyton-colonized surface areas--were used to compare xenobiotic chemical transformation by laboratory-developed (microcosm) and by field-collected microbiota. Similarity of transformer community structure in blended aufwuchs was indicated by kb values, and similarity of transformation rates per unit of periphyton-colonized surface area was indicated by kA values. Xenobiotic chemicals used for the comparisons were methyl marathion (MP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid butoxyethyl ester (2, 4-DBE). Even though rate coefficients of each of the chemicals were similar among microcosm- and field-collected microbial samples, not all of the field collected samples showed MP or DEP transformation. MP transformation was suppressed by aqueous extracts of field-collected, algae-dominated aufwuchs and by low concentrations of DEP. Lack of DEP transformation appeared to have resulted from an absence of DEP-transforming bacteria in field-collected aufwuchs samples.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY