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CYTOGENETIC ANALYSES OF MICE EXPOSED TO DICHLOROMETHANE
Allen, J.W., A. Kligerman, J. Campbell, F. Karik, AND E. Zeiger. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSES OF MICE EXPOSED TO DICHLOROMETHANE. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/J-90/168 (NTIS PB91115824).
Chromosome damage was studied in female B6C3F1 mice exposed to dichloromethane (DCM) by subcutaneous or inhalation treatments. o increase in either the frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) or chromosome aberrations (CAs) in bone marrow cells was observed after a single subcutaneous injection of either 2,500 or 5,000 mg/kg DCM. nhalation exposure to DCM for 10 days at doses of 4,000 or 8,000 ppm resulted in significant increases in frequencies of SCEs in lung cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes, CAs in lung and bone marrow cells, and micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood erythrocytes. ung cell CAs and blood erythrocyte MN reached frequencies of approximately two times control levels. ollowing a 3-month inhalation exposure to 2,000 ppm DCM, mice showed small but significant increases in lung cell SCEs and peripheral blood erythrocyte MN. hese findings suggest that genotoxicity may play a role in the carcinogenicity of DCM in the lungs of B6C3F1 female mice.
URLs/Downloads:CYTOGENETIC ANALYSES OF MICE EXPOSED TO DICHLOROMETHANE
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY