Science Inventory

Marginal Damage of Methane Emissions: Ozone Impacts on Agriculture


Marginal Damage of Methane Emissions: Ozone Impacts on Agriculture. Environmental and Resource Economics. Springer, New York, NY, 84.


Estimating the damages to crops resulting from methane-derived ozone


Methane directly contributes to air pollution, as an ozone precursor, and to climate change, generating physical and economic damages to different systems, namely agriculture, vegetation, energy, human health, or biodiversity. The methane-related damages to climate, measured as the Social Cost of Methane, and to human health have been analyzed by different studies and considered by government rulemaking in the last decades, but the ozone-related damages to crop revenues associated to methane emissions have not been incorporated to policy agenda. Using a combination of the Global Change Analysis Model and the TM5-FASST Scenario Screening Tool, we estimate that global marginal agricultural damages range from ~ 423 to 556 $2010/t-CH4, of which 98 $2010/t-CH4 occur in the USA, which is the most affected region due to its role as a major crop producer, followed by China, EU-15, and India. These damages would represent 39–59% of the climate damages and 28–64% of the human health damages associated with methane emissions by previous studies. The marginal damages to crop revenues calculated in this study complement the damages from methane to climate and human health, and provides valuable information to be considered in future cost-benefits analyses.

Record Details:

Product Published Date:02/21/2023
Record Last Revised:06/27/2023
OMB Category:Other
Record ID: 358196