Fate and transport in environmental quality
Pachepsky, Y., R. Anderson, T. Harter, D. Jacques, R. Jamieson, J. Jeong, H. Kim, K. Lamorski, G. Martinez, Y. Ouyang, S. Shukla, Y. Wan, W. Zheng, AND W. Zhang. Fate and transport in environmental quality. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY. American Society of Agronomy, MADISON, WI, 50(6):1282-1289, (2021). https://doi.org/10.1002/jeq2.20300
This mansucript is a mini-review of research dealing with fate and transport of pollutants published in the Journal of Environmental Quality over the past 50 years.
Changes in pollutant concentrations in environmental media occur both from pollutant transport in water or air and from local processes, such as adsorption, degradation, precipitation, straining, and so on. The terms “fate and transport” and “transport and fate” reflect the coupling of moving with the carrier media and biogeochemical processes describing local transformations or interactions. The Journal of Environmental Quality (JEQ) was one of the first to publish papers on fate and transport (F&T). This paper is a minireview written to commemorate the 50th anniversary of JEQ and show how the research interests, methodology, and public attention have been reflected in fate and transport publications in JEQ during the last 40 years. We report the statistics showing how the representation of different pollutant groups in papers changed with time. Major focus areas have included the effect of solution composition on F&T and concurrent F&T, the role of organic matter, and the relative role of different F&T pathways. The role of temporal and spatial heterogeneity has been studied at different scales. The value of long-term F&T studies and developments in modeling as the F&T research approach was amply demonstrated. Fate and transport studies have been an essential part of conservation measure evaluation and comparison and ecological risk assessment. For 50 years, JEQ has delivered new insights, methods, and applications related to F&T science. The importance of its service to society is recognized, and we look forward to new generations of F&T researchers presenting their contributions in JEQ.
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