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LIGNOSULFONATE-MODIFIED CALCIUM HYDROXIDE FOR SULFUR DIOXIDE CONTROL
Kirchgessner, D. AND J. Lorrain. LIGNOSULFONATE-MODIFIED CALCIUM HYDROXIDE FOR SULFUR DIOXIDE CONTROL. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/J-87/284.
The article discusses the use of lignosulfonate-modified calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 for sulfur dioxide (SO2) control. The limestone injection multistage burner (LIMB) process is currently being developed at the U.S. EPA as a low cost retrofittable technology for controlling oxides of sulfur and nitrogen from coal-burning utility boilers. The most effective commercial calcium-based sorbent for this process is Ca(OH)2, with SO2 removals of about 50%. Additions of calcium lignosulfonate up to 1.5 mass % of the dry product, introduced with the water of hydration, increase the SO2 capture of the resulting Ca(OH)2 to 60%. This is achieved through particle size reduction in the modified hydroxides. The principal mechanism of size reduction appears to be deagglomeration of the Ca(OH)2 crystals; a secondary benefit is derived from crystal size reduction. (Copyright (c) 1987 by the American Chemical Society.)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT