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A Measurement‐Model Fusion Approach for Improved Wet Deposition Maps and Trends
Zhang, Y., K. Foley, D. Schwede, J. Bash, J. Pinto, AND R. Dennis. A Measurement‐Model Fusion Approach for Improved Wet Deposition Maps and Trends. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 124(7):4237-4251, (2019). https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029051
This work uses observed wet deposition data and observation-based model simulated precipitation data to improve the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model’s performance in simulating wet deposition in the U.S. from 2002 to 2012 for nitrate, ammonium and sulfate. Model performance of the bias-corrected model output is improved, with lower bias and higher correlation with observations compared to base model output without adjustment. CMAQ bias-corrected deposition fields can be used to more accurately estimate deposition in locations without observed data to improve assessment of critical loads across different ecoregions. This study also investigates spatial and temporal trends in total nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition estimated from the model, and generally find that total deposition of major N and S species is decreasing in the U.S. due to ongoing emissions reductions.
Air quality models provide spatial fields of wet deposition (WD) and dry deposition that explicitly account for the transport and transformation of emissions from thousands of sources. However, many sources of uncertainty in the air quality model including errors in emissions and meteorological inputs (particularly precipitation) and incomplete descriptions of the chemical and physical processes governing deposition can lead to bias and error in the simulation of WD. We present an approach to bias correct Community Multiscale Air Quality model output over the contiguous United States using observation‐based gridded precipitation data generated by the Parameter‐elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model and WD observations at the National Atmospheric Deposition Program National Trends Network sites. A cross‐validation analysis shows that the adjusted annual accumulated WD for NO3−, NH4+, and SO42− from 2002 to 2012 has less bias and higher correlation with observed values than the base model output without adjustment. Temporal trends in observed WD are captured well by the adjusted model simulations across the entire contiguous United States. Consistent with previous trend analyses, WD NO3− and SO42− are shown to decrease during this period in the eastern half of the United States, particularly in the Northeast, while remaining nearly constant in the West. Trends in WD of NH4+ are more spatially and temporally heterogeneous, with some positive trends in the Great Plains and Central Valley of CA and slightly negative trends in the south.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY
COMPUTATIONAL EXPOSURE DIVISION
ATMOSPHERIC MODEL APPLICATION & ANALYSIS BRANCH