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Ecological differences influence the thermal sensitivity of swimming performance of two co-occurring mysid shrimp species with climate change implications
Ober, G., C. Thornber, J. Grear, AND J. Kolbe. Ecological differences influence the thermal sensitivity of swimming performance of two co-occurring mysid shrimp species with climate change implications. JOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 64:26-34, (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2016.11.012
This manuscript has the potential to affect ecological risk assessment activities and the decisions about chemicals and water quality that those assessments support. Decisions based on ecological risk assessment are intended to be protective of natural populations that are also affected by other stressors, including increases in sea surface temperature. This manuscript will improve the ability of risk assessors to attribute observed responses in wild populations to the correct stressors.
Temperature strongly affects performance in ectotherms. As ocean warming continues, performance of marine species will be impacted. Many studies have focused on how warming will impact physiology, life history, and behavior, but few studies have investigated how ecological and behavioral traits of organisms will affect their response to changing thermal environments. Here, we assessed the thermal tolerances and thermal sensitivity of swimming performance of two sympatric mysid shrimp species of the Northwest Atlantic. Neomysis americana and Heteromysis formosa overlap in habitat and many aspects of their ecological niche, but only N. americana exhibits vertical migration. In temperate coastal ecosystems, temperature stratification of the water column exposes vertical migrators to a wider range of temperatures on a daily basis. We found that N. americana had a significantly lower critical thermal minimum (CTmin) and critical thermal maximum (CTmax). However, both mysid species had a buffer of at least 4°C between their CTmax and projected local water temperatures of 28°C in the next 100 years. Swimming performance of the vertically migrating species was more sensitive to temperature variation, and this species exhibited faster burst swimming speeds. The generalist performance curve of H. formosa and specialist curve of N. americana are consistent with predictions based on the exposure of these species to temperature variation; however, these species violate the assumption of the specialist-generalist tradeoff in that the area under their performance curves is not constant. Our results highlight the importance of incorporating species-specific responses to temperature based on the ecology and behavior of organisms into climate change prediction models.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH