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Impact of cumulus parameterization options on cloud, ozone, and PM2.5 performance in regional- to urban-scale WRF-CMAQ simulations
Appel, W., C. Hogrefe, K. Foley, R. Gilliam, AND S. Roselle. Impact of cumulus parameterization options on cloud, ozone, and PM2.5 performance in regional- to urban-scale WRF-CMAQ simulations. 2018 AGU Fall Meeting, Washington, DC, December 10 - 14, 2018.
Over the past several decades, the horizontal scale of numerical air quality simulations, such as those performed using the Multiscale Air Quality Model (CMAQ), has decreased from relatively coarse (e.g. 36x36 km or larger) to the now common regional-scale of 12x12 km. However, ever increasing computing power and the need to address issues such as ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) residual non-attainment areas and city-scale health impacts from air pollution, have led to finer-scale air quality simulations (e.g. 1 km x 1 km) being explored to better inform decision makers and health scientists. Here we examine the impact of several cumulus parameterizations (CP) options available in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Specifically, these options are: no CP scheme (NoCP); Kain-Fritsch (KF); Grell-Freitas; and icloud=0 and icloud=3. We perform a series of coupled WRF-CMAQ model simulations for July 2011 over the Baltimore-Washington D.C. region using various combinations of the options above at 12 km, 4 km and 1 km horizontal grid resolution. We then examine the monthly average cloud albedo, ozone and PM2.5 from each simulation and note differences in each.
The Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model is a state-of-the-science chemical transport model (CTM) capable of simulating the emission, transport and fate of numerous air pollutants. Similarly, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is a state-of-the-science meteorological model capable of simulating meteorology at many scales (e.g. global to urban). The coupled WRF-CMAQ system integrates these two models in a “two-way” configuration which allows feedback effects between the chemical (e.g. aerosols) and physical (e.g. solar radiation) states of the atmosphere and more frequent communication between the CTM and meteorological model than is typically done in uncoupled WRF-CMAQ simulations. In this study we apply the various cumulus parameterization (CP) options available in WRF at horizontal grid spacings ranging from regional scale (i.e. 12-km) to urban scale (i.e. 4 and 1 km), focused on the July 2011 DISCOVER-AQ campaign that took place over the Baltimore-Washington D.C region. Of particular interest is the evaluation of the WRF simulated clouds, as analysis of previous WRF-CMAQ simulations using a “standard” 12-km configuration for the model suggest that WRF has difficulty predicting clouds (particularly fair-weather clouds), with decreasing skill at finer horizontal grid spacings. Here we will examine the impact that the WRF CP options have on cloud predictions, using available satellite data to evaluate model the performance. We then examine how changes in the WRF simulated clouds affect CMAQ predictions of ozone and PM2.5 at the various scales.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/POSTER)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY
COMPUTATIONAL EXPOSURE DIVISION
ATMOSPHERIC MODEL APPLICATION & ANALYSIS BRANCH