Science Inventory

Regional Similarities and NOx‐Related Increases in Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol in Summertime Southeastern United States

Citation:

Liu, J., L. Russell, G. Ruggeri, S. Takahama, M. Claflin, P. Ziemann, H. Pye, B. Murphy, L. Xu, N. Ng, K. McKinney, S. Hapsari Budisulistiorini, T. Bertram, A. Nenes, AND J. Surratt. Regional Similarities and NOx‐Related Increases in Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol in Summertime Southeastern United States. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 123(18):10,620-10,636, (2018). https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD028491

Impact/Purpose:

Key Points: 1. Aerosol concentration and composition are largely similar at two different forested sites in summertime southeastern U.S. 2. FTIR spectra of ambient bSOA factors are similar to isoprene chamber experiment spectra, supporting NOx-related oxidation pathway. 3. NOx increases bSOA by 0.5 to 0.6 ????g/m3 37 for each ppb NOx above 1 ppb at Centreville but not at Look Rock (where NOx was usually below 1 ppb)

Description:

During the 2013 Southern Oxidant and Aerosol Study, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) measurements of submicron mass were collected at Look Rock (LRK), Tennessee, and Centreville (CTR), Alabama. Carbon monoxide and submicron sulfate and organic mass concentrations were 15‐60% higher at CTR than at LRK but their time series had moderate correlations (r~0.5). However, NOx had no correlation (r=0.08) between the two sites with nighttime‐to‐early‐morning peaks 3~10 times higher at CTR than at LRK. Organic mass (OM) sources identified by FTIR Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) had three very similar factors at both sites: Fossil Fuel Combustion (FFC) related organic aerosols, Mixed Organic Aerosols (MOA), and Biogenic Organic Aerosols (BOA). The BOA spectrum from FTIR is similar (cosine similarity > 0.6) to that of lab‐generated particle mass from the photochemical oxidation of both isoprene and monoterpenes under high NOx conditions from chamber experiments. The BOA mass fraction was highest during the night at CTR but in the afternoon at LRK. AMS PMF resulted in two similar pairs of factors at both sites and a third nighttime NOx‐related factor (33% of OM) at CTR but a daytime nitrate‐related factor (28% of OM) at LRK. NOx was correlated with BOA and LO‐OOA for NOx concentrations higher than 1 ppb at both sites, producing 0.5±0.1 μg m‐3 for CTR‐LO‐OOA and 1.0±0.3 μg m‐3 for CTR‐BOA above 1 ppb additional biogenic OM for each 1 ppb increase of NOx.

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD028491   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 09/27/2018
Record Last Revised: 11/14/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 343220

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

COMPUTATIONAL EXPOSURE DIVISION