Science Inventory

EVALUATION OF REFRIGERANT FROM MOBILE AIR CONDITIONERS

Citation:

Weitzman, L. EVALUATION OF REFRIGERANT FROM MOBILE AIR CONDITIONERS. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/2-89/009.

Description:

The report gives results of a project to provide a scientific basis for choosing a reasonable standard of purity for recycled chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerant in operating automobile air conditioners. The quality of refrigerant from air conditioners in automobiles of different makes, ages, and mileages, from different parts of the U.S., and with both failed and properly working air conditioners was measured. The refrigerant (CFC- 12) was tested for water content, acidity, residue (compressor oil) quantity, refrigerant purity, residue purity, inorganic chloride, and inorganic fluoride. Of the 227 cars sampled, neither the refrigerant nor the residue showed measurable levels of acid or inorganic chlorides and fluorides. The gaseous refrigerant, in all but two samples, was of higher purity than the specification for new CFC-l2. The residue was greater than 99% pure in all but two samples. The mean water content for all samples (56 ppm) exceeded the Federal Specification BB-F-l42lA of 10 ppm maximum. his work will be the basis for programs to reduce CFC emissions from the servicing of automotive air conditioners.

URLs/Downloads:

EVALUATION OF REFRIGERANT FROM MOBILE AIR CONDITIONERS

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (REPORT)
Product Published Date: 05/24/2002
Record Last Revised: 04/16/2004
Record ID: 34048

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT