Office of Research and Development Publications

Full Scale Drinking Water System Decontamination at the Water Security Test Bed


Szabo, Jeff, J. Hall, S. Reese, J. Goodrich, S. Panguluri, G. Meiners, AND H. Ernst. Full Scale Drinking Water System Decontamination at the Water Security Test Bed. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO, , E535-E547, (2017).


The EPA’s Water Security Test Bed (WSTB) facility is a full-scale representation of a drinking water distribution system. In collaboration with the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), EPA designed the WSTB facility to support full-scale evaluations of water infrastructure decontamination, real-time sensors, mobile water treatment systems, and decontamination of premise plumbing and appliances. The EPA research focused on decontamination of 1) Bacillus globigii (BG) spores, a non-pathogenic surrogate for Bacillus anthracis and 2) Bakken crude oil. Flushing and chlorination effectively removed most BG spores from the bulk water but BG spores still remained on the pipe wall coupons. Soluble oil components of Bakken crude oil were removed by flushing although oil components persisted in the dishwasher and refrigerator water dispenser. Using this full-scale distribution system allows EPA to 1) test contaminants without any human health or ecological risk and 2) inform water systems on effective methodologies responding to possible contamination incidents.


Journal Article

Record Details:

Product Published Date: 12/01/2017
Record Last Revised: 06/04/2020
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 340181