EPA Science Inventory

Chemical and non-chemical stressors affecting childhood obesity: a systematic scoping review

Citation:

Lichtveld, K., K. Thomas, AND N. Tulve. Chemical and non-chemical stressors affecting childhood obesity: a systematic scoping review. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology . Nature Publishing Group, London, Uk, 28:1-12, (2018).

Description:

Childhood obesity in the United States has doubled over the last three decades and currently affects 17% of children and adolescents. While much research has focused on individual behaviors impacting obesity, little research has emphasized the complex interactions of numerous chemical and non-chemical stressors found in a child’s environment and how these interactions affect a child’s health and well-being. The objectives of this systematic scoping review were to (1) identify potential chemical stressors in the context of non-chemical stressors that impact childhood obesity; and, (2) summarize our observations for chemical and non-chemical stressors in regards to child-specific environments within a community setting. A review was conducted to identify chemical and non-chemical stressors related to childhood obesity for the childhood life stages ranging from prenatal to adolescence. Stressors were identified and grouped into domains: individual behaviors, family/household behaviors, community stressors, and chemical exposures. Stressors were related to the child and the child’s everyday environments and used to characterize child health and well-being. This review suggests that the interactions of chemical and non-chemical stressors are important for understanding a child’s overall health and well-being. By considering these relationships, the exposure science research community can better design and implement strategies to reduce childhood obesity.

Purpose/Objective:

Open Access review published in the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology.

URLs/Downloads:

https://www.nature.com/jes/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/jes201718a.html   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Completion Date: 01/01/2018
Record Last Revised: 01/12/2018
Record Created: 01/12/2018
Record Released: 01/12/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 339350

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

SYSTEMS EXPOSURE DIVISION