Science Inventory

Capturing microbial sources distributed in a mixed-use watershed within an integrated environmental modeling workflow

Citation:

Whelan, G., K. Kim, R. Parmar, Gerry Laniak, K. Wolfe, M. Galvin, M. Molina, Y. Pachepsky, P. Duda, R. Zepp, L. Prieto, J. Kinzelman, G. Kleinheinz, AND M. Bouchard. Capturing microbial sources distributed in a mixed-use watershed within an integrated environmental modeling workflow. ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING AND SOFTWARE. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 99:126-146, (2018).

Impact/Purpose:

Highlights • Describes mathematical formulations of the Microbial Source Module • Determines microbial loading rates associated with 1) land-applied manure on undeveloped areas from domestic animals; 2) direct shedding (excretion) on undeveloped lands by domestic animals and wildlife; 3) urban or engineered areas; and 4) point sources that directly discharge to streams from septic systems and shedding by domestic animals. • Supports watershed-scale microbial source-to-receptor modeling by focusing on animal- and human-impacted catchments. • Links to a user interface and workflow that automates data collection, collation of microbial sources, watershed delineation, and flow and microbial calibration at downstream receptors.

Description:

Many watershed models simulate overland and instream microbial fate and transport, but few provide loading rates on land surfaces and point sources to the waterbody network. This paper describes the underlying equations for microbial loading rates associated with 1) land-applied manure on undeveloped areas from domestic animals; 2) direct shedding (excretion) on undeveloped lands by domestic animals and wildlife; 3) urban or engineered areas; and 4) point sources that directly discharge to streams from septic systems and shedding by domestic animals. A microbial source module, which houses these formulations, is part of a workflow containing multiple models and databases that form a loosely configured modeling infrastructure which supports watershed-scale microbial source-to-receptor modeling by focusing on animal- and human-impacted catchments. A hypothetical application – accessing, retrieving, and using real-world data – demonstrates how the infrastructure can automate many of the manual steps associated with a standard watershed assessment, culminating in calibrated flow and microbial densities at the watershed’s pour point.

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.08.002   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/2018
Record Last Revised: 04/13/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 338206

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

SYSTEMS EXPOSURE DIVISION