Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions modulefor the pulp and paper industry
Bhander, G. AND W. Jozewicz. Universal industrial sectors integrated solutions modulefor the pulp and paper industry. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal. Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden, 32(3):375-385, (2017). https://doi.org/10.3183/NPPRJ-2017-32-03-p375-385
This paper describes the mathematical modeling framework of the Universal ISIS-PNP model which is capable of addressing cement and pulp and paper sectors, multi-pollutant, multi-market, and multi-region emission reduction policies, objectives and constraints. Further, it provides an analysis of an example cap-and-trade emission reduction scenario to illustrate how the Universal ISIS-PNP model’s design and implementation strategies can successfully handle the complex interactions between economic concerns and protecting the environment.
The U.S. is the world’s second-leading producer of pulp and paper products after China. While the pulp and paper industry has reduced its environmental impacts, concerns remain regarding the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the sector. Boilers, recovery furnaces, and lime kilns are the dominant sources of emissions from pulp and paper mills, collectively accounting for more than 99 % of the SO2, almost 96 % of the NOX, and more than 85 % of the particulate matter (PM) emitted to the air from this sector in the U.S.The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Universal Industrial Sectors Integrated Solutions model for the Pulp and Paper Industry (Universal ISIS-PNP) with the goal of supporting the development of cost-effective strategies for reducing pulp and paper-sector emissions. Universal ISIS-PNP is a multi-product, multi-pollutant, multi-market, dynamic, linear mathematical modeling framework. The framework can be applied to evaluate the performance of user-supplied strategies or to identify least cost single- and multi-pollutant control strategies.In this paper, we discuss the pulp and paper market and associated air emissions from pulp and paper sector and provide the mathematical modeling foundation of the Universal ISIS-PNP model. Further, we discuss components of Universal ISIS-PNP in the context of cap-and-trade emission reduction scenario to illustrate how the model’s design and implementation strategies can successfully handle the complex interactions between economic concerns and protecting the environment. The example analysis presented in this paper is intended to be illustrative only and does not reflect any opinions or policies of the EPA.
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