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Addressing Toxicity of Water using the Challenge Process
Varughese, E., S. Hunter, D. Shaw, AND J. Garland. Addressing Toxicity of Water using the Challenge Process. 2017 ISES Annual Meeting, Durham, North Carolina, October 15 - 19, 2017.
The Safe and Sustainable Water Research Program have initiated transformative research in the area of water toxicity. The goal of this oral presentation is to highlight the efforts of SSWR along with the EPA Innovation Team in presenting how we use the challenge process to develop a water sensor that detects the toxicity of water.
Exposure concerns from an increasing number of pollutants in US waters requires the need for better monitoring. The pollutants are diverse and can include pesticides, heavy metals, personal care products, natural toxins such as cyanobacterial toxins, and a host of other organic and inorganic chemical pollutants and their transformation products. Current methods for detecting and identifying many of these contaminants are expensive, time-consuming, and require the use of specialized laboratories. Moreover, multiple methods are needed to detect the variety of contaminants of interest and, if the identity of the potential contaminants is unknown, water monitoring becomes even more complex. A chemically “agnostic” approach to water quality testing could allow for detection of multiple contaminants that are biologically active and trigger specific toxicity or adverse health outcome pathways. Biosensors, (i.e. those sensors which take advantage of biological phenomenon that are altered in the presence of contaminants), can potentially provide faster detection as well as portability, continuous monitoring, and/or detection in complex matrices using minimal sample preparation. The EPA has over the past years used a challenge approach that uses crowd-sourcing to find solutions to difficult problems. The Water Toxicity Biosensor Challenge is a recent task with the goal of producing design solutions for a biologically-based effects monitor/biosensor capable of responding to multiple environmental contaminant exposures that result in toxicity or adverse health effects when host organisms are exposed. This presentation will describe the process as well as provide information related to the challenge of designing a Water Biosensor to analyze the toxicity of water.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/POSTER)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY
EXPOSURE METHODS & MEASUREMENT DIVISION